Abstract: The major trends emerging from a review of the first 25 volumes in
the NATO Series on Educational Technology are a convergence on Intelligent
Tutoring Systems and on microworld simulation tools. In both approaches a
radical reform of the entire educational system is generally favored. In this paper
the relative merits and drawbacks of these systems are critically reviewed, also
with respect to the educational context in which they will have to be operative.
The general conclusion is that both empirical validity and evaluation are seriously
lacking. This picture does not hold for the field as a whole, however. Though
small in number, various authors produce fascinating and new accounts of learning
processes made observable in interactive learning environments, of developing
mental models, of learning strategies and social interaction in learning.
Recommendations for future research go in this direction and stress the importance
of fundamental research on learning, systematic student-centered evaluation and the
design of effective instructional dialogues and interfaces. The fact that the most
successful computer-based instructional system to date, the flight simulator, has
not been mentioned once in the series provides an interesting case in this respect.
|Title of host publication||Advanced educational technology research issues and future potential|
|Place of Publication||Berlin|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|
|Name||NATO-ASI Series F: Computer and Systems Science|