This paper deals with advanced hybrid transient stability and electromagnetic-transient (EMT) simulation of combined ac/dc power systems containing large amounts of renewable energy sources interfaced through voltage-source converter-high-voltage direct current (VSC-HVDC). The concerning transient stability studies require the dynamic phenomena of interest to be included with adequate detail and reasonable simulation speed. Hybrid simulation offers this functionality, and this contribution focuses on its application to (multiterminal) VSC-HVDC systems. Existing numerical interfacing methods have been evaluated and improved for averaged VSC modeling. These innovations include: 1) ac system equivalent impedance refactorization after faults; 2) amended interaction protocols for improved Thévenin equivalent source updating inside the EMT-type simulation; and 3) a special new interaction protocol for improved phasor determination during faults. The improvements introduced in this contribution lead to more accurate ac/VSC-HVDC transient stability assessment compared to conventional interfacing techniques.
- Hybrid simulation
- Transient stability
- Voltage-source converter-high-voltage direct current (VSC-HVDC)