Adsorption of linear alkanes in the alpha-Cages and gamma-Cages of H-ZK-5 and K-ZK-5

Willy J.M. Van Well, Jochen Jä Nchen, Jan W. De Haan, Rutger A. Van Santen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The adsorption properties of linear alkanes in H-ZK-5 and K-ZK-5 were studied at room temperature by means of sorption and 13C NMR measurements and by molecular simulations. Alkane molecules up to n-heptane are able to adsorb in the α- and γ-cages of ZK-5, but adsorption of longer alkane molecules is limited to the large α-cages as a result of size exclusion from the small γ-cages. These γ-cages are the preferred adsorption sites for propane and n-butane because of the more favorable heats of adsorption. In contrast, n-hexane and n-heptane adsorb preferentially in the large α-cages because of the larger entropy in these cages. For n-pentane, the γ-cages are the preferred adsorption sites in H-ZK-5, whereas in K-ZK-5 the α-cages are the preferred adsorption sites. This difference is caused by the presence of the potassium cations in the γ-cages of K-ZK-5 which constrains the adsorption in these cages. The difference in siting of molecules with different chain lengths is the result of a steep decrease of the entropy of the adsorbed molecules in the γ-cages with increasing chain length. The 13C NMR measurements and molecular simulations show that the molecules in the γ-cages are in general more coiled than those in the α-cages. Although the conformational equilibria of the molecules in the α-cages of H-ZK-5 and K-ZK-5 are comparable, the molecules in the γ-cages of K-ZK-5 are considerably more coiled than those in the γ-cages of H-ZK-5. The simulation parameters describing the zeolite-alkane interaction were tested by a comparison of the simulation results with the experimental findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1841-1853
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume103
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1999

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