Adaptive bone remodeling around bonded noncemented total hip arthroplasty: A comparison between animal experiments and computer simulation

H. Weinans, H.W.J. Huiskes, B. Rietbergen, van, D.R. Sumner, T.M. Turner, J.O. Galante

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

147 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Severe loss of bone related to stress-shielding is one problem threatening the long-term integrity of noncemented total hip arthroplasty. It is widely accepted that this phenomenon is caused by adaptive bone remodeling according to Wolff's law. Recently, quantitative bone-remodeling theories have been proposed, suitable for use in computer-simulation models in combination with finite-element codes, which can be applied to simulate the long-term effect of the remodeling process. In the present paper, the results of such a computer simulation are compared with those in an animal experiment. A three-dimensional finite-element model was constructed from an animal experimental configuration concerning the implantation of a fully coated femoral hip prosthesis in dogs. The simulation results of the adaptive bone-remodeling process (geometric adaptations at the periosteal surface and density adaptations within the cancellous bone) were compared with cross-sectional measurements of the canine femurs after 2 years of follow-up. The detailed comparison showed that long-term changes in the morphology of bone around femoral components of total hip replacements can be fully explained with the present quantitative adaptive bone-remodeling theory. [Author abstract; 33 Refs; In English]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)500-513
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993

Fingerprint

Bone Remodeling
Arthroplasty
Computer Simulation
Hip
Thigh
Bone and Bones
Hip Prosthesis
Hip Replacement Arthroplasties
Femur
Canidae
Dogs

Cite this

@article{b9e000fb1768410585fa8160d399270a,
title = "Adaptive bone remodeling around bonded noncemented total hip arthroplasty: A comparison between animal experiments and computer simulation",
abstract = "Severe loss of bone related to stress-shielding is one problem threatening the long-term integrity of noncemented total hip arthroplasty. It is widely accepted that this phenomenon is caused by adaptive bone remodeling according to Wolff's law. Recently, quantitative bone-remodeling theories have been proposed, suitable for use in computer-simulation models in combination with finite-element codes, which can be applied to simulate the long-term effect of the remodeling process. In the present paper, the results of such a computer simulation are compared with those in an animal experiment. A three-dimensional finite-element model was constructed from an animal experimental configuration concerning the implantation of a fully coated femoral hip prosthesis in dogs. The simulation results of the adaptive bone-remodeling process (geometric adaptations at the periosteal surface and density adaptations within the cancellous bone) were compared with cross-sectional measurements of the canine femurs after 2 years of follow-up. The detailed comparison showed that long-term changes in the morphology of bone around femoral components of total hip replacements can be fully explained with the present quantitative adaptive bone-remodeling theory. [Author abstract; 33 Refs; In English]",
author = "H. Weinans and H.W.J. Huiskes and {Rietbergen, van}, B. and D.R. Sumner and T.M. Turner and J.O. Galante",
year = "1993",
doi = "10.1002/jor.1100110405",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "500--513",
journal = "Journal of Orthopaedic Research",
issn = "0736-0266",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "4",

}

Adaptive bone remodeling around bonded noncemented total hip arthroplasty: A comparison between animal experiments and computer simulation. / Weinans, H.; Huiskes, H.W.J.; Rietbergen, van, B.; Sumner, D.R.; Turner, T.M.; Galante, J.O.

In: Journal of Orthopaedic Research, Vol. 11, No. 4, 1993, p. 500-513.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adaptive bone remodeling around bonded noncemented total hip arthroplasty: A comparison between animal experiments and computer simulation

AU - Weinans, H.

AU - Huiskes, H.W.J.

AU - Rietbergen, van, B.

AU - Sumner, D.R.

AU - Turner, T.M.

AU - Galante, J.O.

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - Severe loss of bone related to stress-shielding is one problem threatening the long-term integrity of noncemented total hip arthroplasty. It is widely accepted that this phenomenon is caused by adaptive bone remodeling according to Wolff's law. Recently, quantitative bone-remodeling theories have been proposed, suitable for use in computer-simulation models in combination with finite-element codes, which can be applied to simulate the long-term effect of the remodeling process. In the present paper, the results of such a computer simulation are compared with those in an animal experiment. A three-dimensional finite-element model was constructed from an animal experimental configuration concerning the implantation of a fully coated femoral hip prosthesis in dogs. The simulation results of the adaptive bone-remodeling process (geometric adaptations at the periosteal surface and density adaptations within the cancellous bone) were compared with cross-sectional measurements of the canine femurs after 2 years of follow-up. The detailed comparison showed that long-term changes in the morphology of bone around femoral components of total hip replacements can be fully explained with the present quantitative adaptive bone-remodeling theory. [Author abstract; 33 Refs; In English]

AB - Severe loss of bone related to stress-shielding is one problem threatening the long-term integrity of noncemented total hip arthroplasty. It is widely accepted that this phenomenon is caused by adaptive bone remodeling according to Wolff's law. Recently, quantitative bone-remodeling theories have been proposed, suitable for use in computer-simulation models in combination with finite-element codes, which can be applied to simulate the long-term effect of the remodeling process. In the present paper, the results of such a computer simulation are compared with those in an animal experiment. A three-dimensional finite-element model was constructed from an animal experimental configuration concerning the implantation of a fully coated femoral hip prosthesis in dogs. The simulation results of the adaptive bone-remodeling process (geometric adaptations at the periosteal surface and density adaptations within the cancellous bone) were compared with cross-sectional measurements of the canine femurs after 2 years of follow-up. The detailed comparison showed that long-term changes in the morphology of bone around femoral components of total hip replacements can be fully explained with the present quantitative adaptive bone-remodeling theory. [Author abstract; 33 Refs; In English]

U2 - 10.1002/jor.1100110405

DO - 10.1002/jor.1100110405

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 500

EP - 513

JO - Journal of Orthopaedic Research

JF - Journal of Orthopaedic Research

SN - 0736-0266

IS - 4

ER -