ACS, myocardial bridging, Tako-tsubo syndrome and mitral regurgitation

R. Michels, G. Brueren, J. M. Van Dantzig, N. Pijls, C. H. Peels, H. Post

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6 Citations (Scopus)


Isolated systolic compression of the mid portion of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) by a bridge of overlying cardiac muscle is an infrequent but well-recognised angiographic anomaly that is often considered harmless. The long-term prognosis appears to be excellent, but occasional reports of patients with angina pectoris, myocardial infarction and sudden death indicate that this is not always true. The prevalence of the anomaly in the normal population is unknown, but the incidence is low and ischaemic events are rare. Tako-tsubo-like left ventricular dysfunction syndrome (TTS) is characterised by ischaemia, anterior ST-segment elevation, no significant coronary artery disease and reversible ampulla-like left ventricular ballooning in postmenopausal females after emotional or physical stress. Dynamic left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction is a rare but potentially fatal complication of acute anterior wall infarction. We present a patient with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) with ST-segment elevation in the anterior leads, transient TTS and transient LVOT obstruction with systolic anterior motion (SAM) of the mitral valve and severe mitral regurgitation. This is the first report of myocardial bridging associated with TTS, and the first report of TTS associated with dynamic LVOT obstruction with SAM and mitral regurgitation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-61
Number of pages5
JournalNetherlands Heart Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2005


  • Acute coronary syndrome
  • Mitral regurgitation
  • Myocardial bridging
  • Tako-tsubo


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