The fundamentals of oscillating flow in a reservoir-pipe-orifice system are revisited in a theoretical study related to acoustic resonance experiments carried out in a large-scale pipeline. Four different types of system excitation are considered: forcing velocity, forcing pressure, linear oscillating resistance and nonlinear oscillating resistance. Analytical solutions are given for the periodic responses to the first three excitations. Analytical and numerical results for the large-scale pipeline are presented and some peculiarities are discussed.
Key words: Hydraulic transients; Acoustic resonanceImpedance; Orifice; Rotating valve; Analytical solution.