Acoustic excitation of mechatronic systems

N.B. Roozen

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Within the specialty mechatronics a plurality of disciplines such as mechanics, electronics, software and control are combined to develop extremely accurate precision machinery. Examples are ultra-precise measuring equipment with nanometer accuracy, stages for lithography applications and stages for electron microscopes. The accuracy of mechatronic systems is rapidly increasing. Key in the development of such highly precise machinery is to control the disturbances affecting the accuracy of the machine. A systematic way to do so, is to define a "dynamic error budget" which is divided amongst the different disturbances. Many different disturbances need to be considered. To mention a few: floor vibrations, vibrations generated internally by the machine, acoustic excitation due to flow and/or cleanroom air-conditioning systems, etc. The latter disturbance, acoustic excitation, claims a significant part to the error budget, especially for extremely accurate precision machinery.In order to estimate the contribution to the dynamic error budget already in the design phase of the machine, it is necessary to predict the response of the system to acoustic excitation. In the design phase of a machine only approximate dimensions are available, which calls for approximate estimates of the machines sensitivity to acoustic excitation. The paper discusses such an approximate method, which considers rigid body motion of the machine only, excited by plane acoustic waves. The method uses an analytical model. The analytical model is derived, and the theory is validated by means of experiments.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the twelfth International Congress on Sound and Vibration (ICSV 12): 11 - 14 July 2005, Lisbon, Portugal
EditorsJ.L. Bento Coelho
Place of PublicationPortugal, Lisbon
Publication statusPublished - 2005


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