Accuracy of switching transients measurement with open-air capacitive sensors near overhead lines

P.A.A.F. Wouters, F. Barakou, S. Mousavi Gargari, J. Smit, E.F. Steennis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Application of open-air sensors is an attractive option for detecting switching over-voltages as their installation does not interfere with operation of the lines. Drawback is that coupling strengths are not known beforehand and cross-coupling between a sensor near one phase and other phase conductors or even to other circuits affects the recordings. Calibration of the coupling matrix between phase voltages and sensor signals can be realized by relating the power frequency component in the recorded signals to a priori assumed base of symmetric phase voltages. This paper establishes a method to quantify the different causes for measurement uncertainties. The coupling matrix cannot be completely reconstructed from measurements, enforcing model assumptions which introduce uncertainties. Uncertainties arising from not perfect symmetric phase voltages and measurement equipment are investigated as well, but play a minor role when judging over-voltages on a per unit base. The methodology is presented for measurements at an overhead line to underground cable transition point and to a substation. At transition points, the sensors could be positioned such that the cross-coupling remains low and the resulting uncertainty in the determination of maximum per unit over-voltages is typically 2%. Despite the installation at the substation resulting in relatively strong cross-coupling, per unit over-voltages could still be determined with an accuracy within 10%.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publication2018 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Applications
Place of PublicationPiscataway
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5386-5086-8
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Feb 2019
Event2018 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Application, ICHVE 2018 - Athens, Greece
Duration: 10 Sep 201813 Sep 2018

Conference

Conference2018 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Application, ICHVE 2018
CountryGreece
CityAthens
Period10/09/1813/09/18

Fingerprint

Capacitive sensors
Overhead lines
Electric potential
Sensors
Underground cables
Calibration
Uncertainty
Networks (circuits)

Cite this

Wouters, P. A. A. F., Barakou, F., Mousavi Gargari, S., Smit, J., & Steennis, E. F. (2019). Accuracy of switching transients measurement with open-air capacitive sensors near overhead lines. In 2018 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Applications [8642167] Piscataway: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. DOI: 10.1109/ICHVE.2018.8642167
Wouters, P.A.A.F. ; Barakou, F. ; Mousavi Gargari, S. ; Smit, J. ; Steennis, E.F./ Accuracy of switching transients measurement with open-air capacitive sensors near overhead lines. 2018 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Applications. Piscataway : Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2019.
@inproceedings{fbdaea97245c413bab66865e4bc0f0f5,
title = "Accuracy of switching transients measurement with open-air capacitive sensors near overhead lines",
abstract = "Application of open-air sensors is an attractive option for detecting switching over-voltages as their installation does not interfere with operation of the lines. Drawback is that coupling strengths are not known beforehand and cross-coupling between a sensor near one phase and other phase conductors or even to other circuits affects the recordings. Calibration of the coupling matrix between phase voltages and sensor signals can be realized by relating the power frequency component in the recorded signals to a priori assumed base of symmetric phase voltages. This paper establishes a method to quantify the different causes for measurement uncertainties. The coupling matrix cannot be completely reconstructed from measurements, enforcing model assumptions which introduce uncertainties. Uncertainties arising from not perfect symmetric phase voltages and measurement equipment are investigated as well, but play a minor role when judging over-voltages on a per unit base. The methodology is presented for measurements at an overhead line to underground cable transition point and to a substation. At transition points, the sensors could be positioned such that the cross-coupling remains low and the resulting uncertainty in the determination of maximum per unit over-voltages is typically 2{\%}. Despite the installation at the substation resulting in relatively strong cross-coupling, per unit over-voltages could still be determined with an accuracy within 10{\%}.",
author = "P.A.A.F. Wouters and F. Barakou and {Mousavi Gargari}, S. and J. Smit and E.F. Steennis",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "14",
doi = "10.1109/ICHVE.2018.8642167",
language = "English",
booktitle = "2018 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Applications",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers",
address = "United States",

}

Wouters, PAAF, Barakou, F, Mousavi Gargari, S, Smit, J & Steennis, EF 2019, Accuracy of switching transients measurement with open-air capacitive sensors near overhead lines. in 2018 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Applications., 8642167, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, 2018 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Application, ICHVE 2018, Athens, Greece, 10/09/18. DOI: 10.1109/ICHVE.2018.8642167

Accuracy of switching transients measurement with open-air capacitive sensors near overhead lines. / Wouters, P.A.A.F.; Barakou, F.; Mousavi Gargari, S.; Smit, J.; Steennis, E.F.

2018 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Applications. Piscataway : Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2019. 8642167.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Accuracy of switching transients measurement with open-air capacitive sensors near overhead lines

AU - Wouters,P.A.A.F.

AU - Barakou,F.

AU - Mousavi Gargari,S.

AU - Smit,J.

AU - Steennis,E.F.

PY - 2019/2/14

Y1 - 2019/2/14

N2 - Application of open-air sensors is an attractive option for detecting switching over-voltages as their installation does not interfere with operation of the lines. Drawback is that coupling strengths are not known beforehand and cross-coupling between a sensor near one phase and other phase conductors or even to other circuits affects the recordings. Calibration of the coupling matrix between phase voltages and sensor signals can be realized by relating the power frequency component in the recorded signals to a priori assumed base of symmetric phase voltages. This paper establishes a method to quantify the different causes for measurement uncertainties. The coupling matrix cannot be completely reconstructed from measurements, enforcing model assumptions which introduce uncertainties. Uncertainties arising from not perfect symmetric phase voltages and measurement equipment are investigated as well, but play a minor role when judging over-voltages on a per unit base. The methodology is presented for measurements at an overhead line to underground cable transition point and to a substation. At transition points, the sensors could be positioned such that the cross-coupling remains low and the resulting uncertainty in the determination of maximum per unit over-voltages is typically 2%. Despite the installation at the substation resulting in relatively strong cross-coupling, per unit over-voltages could still be determined with an accuracy within 10%.

AB - Application of open-air sensors is an attractive option for detecting switching over-voltages as their installation does not interfere with operation of the lines. Drawback is that coupling strengths are not known beforehand and cross-coupling between a sensor near one phase and other phase conductors or even to other circuits affects the recordings. Calibration of the coupling matrix between phase voltages and sensor signals can be realized by relating the power frequency component in the recorded signals to a priori assumed base of symmetric phase voltages. This paper establishes a method to quantify the different causes for measurement uncertainties. The coupling matrix cannot be completely reconstructed from measurements, enforcing model assumptions which introduce uncertainties. Uncertainties arising from not perfect symmetric phase voltages and measurement equipment are investigated as well, but play a minor role when judging over-voltages on a per unit base. The methodology is presented for measurements at an overhead line to underground cable transition point and to a substation. At transition points, the sensors could be positioned such that the cross-coupling remains low and the resulting uncertainty in the determination of maximum per unit over-voltages is typically 2%. Despite the installation at the substation resulting in relatively strong cross-coupling, per unit over-voltages could still be determined with an accuracy within 10%.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85063103077&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/ICHVE.2018.8642167

DO - 10.1109/ICHVE.2018.8642167

M3 - Conference contribution

BT - 2018 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Applications

PB - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

CY - Piscataway

ER -

Wouters PAAF, Barakou F, Mousavi Gargari S, Smit J, Steennis EF. Accuracy of switching transients measurement with open-air capacitive sensors near overhead lines. In 2018 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Applications. Piscataway: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. 2019. 8642167. Available from, DOI: 10.1109/ICHVE.2018.8642167