A survey of stimulation methods used in SSVEP-based BCIs

Danhua Zhu, J. Bieger, G. Garcia Molina, R.M. Aarts

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240 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Brain-computer interface (BCI) systems based on the steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) provide higher information throughput and require shorter training than BCI systems using other brain signals. To elicit an SSVEP, a repetitive visual stimulus (RVS) has to be presented to the user. The RVS can be rendered on a computer screen by alternating graphical patterns, or with external light sources able to emit modulated light. The properties of an RVS (e.g., frequency, color) depend on the rendering device and influence the SSVEP characteristics. This affects the BCI information throughput and the levels of user safety and comfort. Literature on SSVEP-based BCIs does not generally provide reasons for the selection of the used rendering devices or RVS properties. In this paper, we review the literature on SSVEP-based BCIs and comprehensively report on the different RVS choices in terms of rendering devices, properties, and their potential influence on BCI performance, user safety and comfort.
Original languageEnglish
Article number702357
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalComputational Intelligence and Neuroscience
Volume2010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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Visual Evoked Potentials
Bioelectric potentials
Brain-Computer Interfaces
Brain computer interface
Computer Systems
Equipment and Supplies
Throughput
Rendering
Safety
Light
Light sources
Brain
Color
Surveys and Questionnaires
Vision

Cite this

Zhu, Danhua ; Bieger, J. ; Garcia Molina, G. ; Aarts, R.M. / A survey of stimulation methods used in SSVEP-based BCIs. In: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience. 2010 ; Vol. 2010. pp. 1-12.
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A survey of stimulation methods used in SSVEP-based BCIs. / Zhu, Danhua; Bieger, J.; Garcia Molina, G.; Aarts, R.M.

In: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience, Vol. 2010, 702357, 2010, p. 1-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AB - Brain-computer interface (BCI) systems based on the steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) provide higher information throughput and require shorter training than BCI systems using other brain signals. To elicit an SSVEP, a repetitive visual stimulus (RVS) has to be presented to the user. The RVS can be rendered on a computer screen by alternating graphical patterns, or with external light sources able to emit modulated light. The properties of an RVS (e.g., frequency, color) depend on the rendering device and influence the SSVEP characteristics. This affects the BCI information throughput and the levels of user safety and comfort. Literature on SSVEP-based BCIs does not generally provide reasons for the selection of the used rendering devices or RVS properties. In this paper, we review the literature on SSVEP-based BCIs and comprehensively report on the different RVS choices in terms of rendering devices, properties, and their potential influence on BCI performance, user safety and comfort.

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