A study of the surface region of the Mo-V-Te-O catalysts for propane oxidation to acrylic acid

Vadim Y. Guliants, Rishabh Bhandari, Hidde H. Brongersma, Arie Knoester, Anne M. Gaffney, Scott Han

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    Abstract

    The bulk mixed Mo - V - Te oxides possess high activity and selectivity in propane oxidation to acrylic acid and represent well-defined model catalysts for studies of the surface molecular structure-activity/selectivity relationships in this selective oxidation reaction. The elemental compositions, metal oxidation states, and catalytic functions of V, Mo, and Te in the surface region of the model Mo - V - Te - O system were examined employing low energy ion scattering (LEIS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). This study indicated that the surfaces of these catalysts are terminated with a monolayer, which possesses a different elemental composition from that of the bulk. The rates of propane consumption and formation of propylene and acrylic acid depended on the topmost surface V concentration, whereas no dependence of these reaction rates on either the surface Mo or Te concentrations was observed. These findings suggested that the bulk Mo - V - Te - O structure may function as a support for the unique active and selective surface monolayer in propane oxidation to acrylic acid. The results of this study have important practical consequences for the development of improved selective oxidation catalysts by introducing surface metal oxide components to form new surface active V - O - M sites for propane oxidation to acrylic acid.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)10234-10242
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
    Volume109
    Issue number20
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 26 May 2005

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    Copyright 2011 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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