This paper introduces definitions and an analysis method for estimating how much kinetic energy can be made available for inertial response from a wind turbine over a year, and how much energy capture must be sacrificed to do so. The analysis is based on the static characteristics of wind turbines, Weibull distributions of wind speed, and standard definitions of turbulence intensity. A control scheme is presented that extracts an appropriate amount of kinetic energy based on operating point. The tradeoff of wholesale energy revenue for potential kinetic energy revenue is explored. The break-even point is compared with marginal prices for kinetic energy obtained in the literature, and found to be favourable for one example of a full-converter interface wind turbine having a wide speed range.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the IEEE Power and Energy Society (PES) general meeting, 25-29 July 2010, Minneapolis USA|
|Place of Publication||Piscataway|
|Publication status||Published - 2010|