A social ecosystem of distributed learning through the braid of technology education and communication

Maarten C.A. van der Sanden, Durdane Bayram-Jacobs, Giovanni P.M. Stijnen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


We live with technology and we participate in innovation, as engineer, scientist, policy maker, business developer, pupil, university student, and citizen. Technology which enables and guides us at many stages in life, to formulate and achieve our goals, supports our social life, defines new horizons, and looks after our health and learning processes. People get acknowledged with technology individually, by their social network, formal education, media, and professional life. To better understanding of this socio-technical system, in which we all learn at various levels, in various contexts, and various moments of life, we elaborate in this chapter on the braid of technology education (TE) with technology communication (TC) and how they are interlinked through many micro connections in time. Furthermore, we state that if TE and TC are considered as elements in a social system of technology development, when they both are interconnected, then this TETC braid will sustain the societal challenge of responsible research and innovation. From a responsible or even ethical point of view, the contemporary societal context of responsible research and innovation (RRI) demands processes like social learning to which the TETC braid is fundamental, theoretically and practically. Therefore it is inevitable that scholars and professionals should develop a much more holistic view on TE and TC for the benefit of individual, society, and innovation alike.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of technology education
EditorsMark J. de Vries
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-38889-2
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameSpringer International Handbooks of Education book series
ISSN (Print)2197-1951
ISSN (Electronic)2197-196X


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