The increasing digitalisation of data is resulting in the need for ever greater computational capacity, which in turn leads to the increasing energy consumption in data centres. A large percentage of this energy use arises from the need to mechanically remove an enormous amount of heat from the data centre environment. In fact, in current practice, the mechanical infrastructure (especially cooling systems) of the data centre accounts for up to half of the overall energy consumption. To reduce the energy consumption of the mechanical infrastructure, several economisation methods are commonly implemented in cooling systems, one of which is the application of a direct air-side economiser addressed in the current research. The use of an air-side economiser has been shown to lead to major savings of the cooling electricity demand, and, as such, it has been widely used as a necessary addition to conventional cooling systems. This study analyses the energy breakdown of data centre cooling systems that include an air-side economiser in order to determine which components within the system are responsible for the major energy consumption. This study investigates, via a computational simulation, the impact of the use of a conventional cooling system and a system with an air-side economiser on total energy demand in three locations representing different climate regions in Europe. The study is especially focused on the energy demand related to the humidity treatment in the data rooms, since the effect is rarely considered in the overall DC energy balance. The results demonstrate, as expected, that the air-side economiser can yield major savings of around 62.5% to 78.7%, depending on the given climate regions. However, the key result of this study is that the humidity treatment necessary for the direct air-side economiser system may consume up to 34.8% of the total energy demand of the cooling system with the air-side economiser.
|Translated title of the contribution||A simulation-based assessment of humidity treatment in data centre cooling systems with air-side economisers|
|Pages (from-to)||374 - 381|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Vytápeni, Vetrání, Instalace ; VVI|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|