A shrinking horizon approach to eco-driving for electric city buses: implementation and experimental results

J.C. Flores Paredes, G.P. Padilla Cazar, M.C.F. Donkers

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Abstract

Eco-driving aims at minimizing the energy consumption of a vehicle by changing the vehicle's velocity. This can be formulated as an optimal control problem and this paper presents an efficient shrinking horizon implementation to solve this problem. The efficient implementation is demonstrated on a case study of a fully electric bus, driving on an inner-city public transport route. Because the bus drives on designated bus lanes, meaning that it has little interaction with other traffic, and because it has frequent and predictable stops, this case will have a good energy consumption savings potential. An energy consumption reduction of 11.43% is achieved on a simulation study for the case that the vehicle is fully autonomous and a reduction of 6.94% is achieved experimentally for the case that the driver is 'coached' using a driver assistance system.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIFAC International Symposium on Advances on Automotive Control
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
PublisherElsevier
Pages556-561
Number of pages6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event9th IFAC International Symposium on Advances in Automotive Control (AAC2019) - Orléans, France
Duration: 24 Jun 201927 Jun 2019
https://aac19.sciencesconf.org/

Publication series

NameIFAC Papers Online
Number5
Volume52
ISSN (Print)2405-8963

Conference

Conference9th IFAC International Symposium on Advances in Automotive Control (AAC2019)
Abbreviated titleAAC2019
CountryFrance
CityOrléans
Period24/06/1927/06/19
Internet address

Keywords

  • Advanced Driver Assistance Systems
  • Automotive Control
  • Eco-driving

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    Flores Paredes, J. C., Padilla Cazar, G. P., & Donkers, M. C. F. (2019). A shrinking horizon approach to eco-driving for electric city buses: implementation and experimental results. In IFAC International Symposium on Advances on Automotive Control (pp. 556-561). (IFAC Papers Online; Vol. 52, No. 5). Amsterdam: Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ifacol.2019.09.088