A quantitative analysis of container vessel arrival planning strategies

Niels Lang, Albert Veenstra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)


In maritime container transport, the random nature of vessel arrival and terminal service processes often lead to significant handling delays and/or resource underutilization. Arrival planning strategies (APS) promise to mitigate such undesirable effects by managing the variance of the terminal arrival process, taking different cost components and situational dynamics into account. We present a quantitative arrival scheduling simulation to analyze contrasting APS, in order to identify promising strategy design directions. Results are presented for central and decentral strategies, under high and low fuel price regimes. The analysis results in significant quantitative and qualitative differences between the strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)477-499
Number of pages23
JournalOR Spectrum
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Maritime container handling
  • Optimized arrival scheduling
  • Vessel arrival planning
  • Vessel-terminal coordination


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