A promising process to modify cellulose nanofibers for carbon dioxide (CO2) adsorption

Sima Sepahvand, Mehdi Jonoobi (Corresponding author), Alireza Ashori (Corresponding author), Florent Gauvin, H. J.H. Brouwers, Kristiina Oksman, Qingliang Yu (Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

A novel process of using phthalimide to modify cellulose nanofibers (CNF) for CO2 adsorption was studied. The effectiveness of the modification was confirmed by ATR-IR. Phthalimide incorporation onto CNF was confirmed with the characteristic peaks of NH2, C–N, and ester bonding COO was observable. The XPS analyses confirmed the presence of N1s peak in Ph-CNF, meaning that the hydroxyl groups reacted with the amino groups (NH2) of phthalimide on the CNF surface. Based on the results, surface modification and addition of phthalimide increased the specific surface area, but also decreased the overall porosity, size of pores and volume of pores. When the temperature, humidity, pressure, and airflow rate increased, the CO2 adsorption significantly increased. The CO2 adsorption of phthalimide-modified CNF was confirmed by ATR-IR spectroscopy as the characteristic peaks of HCO3 ,NH3 + and ester bonding NCOO were visible on the spectra.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115571
Number of pages10
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume230
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2020

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Nanofibers
Carbon Dioxide
Cellulose
Carbon dioxide
Adsorption
Esters
Specific surface area
Hydroxyl Radical
Surface treatment
Infrared spectroscopy
Atmospheric humidity
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Porosity
phthalimide
Temperature

Keywords

  • Aerogels
  • Cellulose nanofiber
  • Chemical modification
  • CO adsorption

Cite this

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title = "A promising process to modify cellulose nanofibers for carbon dioxide (CO2) adsorption",
abstract = "A novel process of using phthalimide to modify cellulose nanofibers (CNF) for CO2 adsorption was studied. The effectiveness of the modification was confirmed by ATR-IR. Phthalimide incorporation onto CNF was confirmed with the characteristic peaks of NH2, C–N, and ester bonding COO− was observable. The XPS analyses confirmed the presence of N1s peak in Ph-CNF, meaning that the hydroxyl groups reacted with the amino groups (NH2) of phthalimide on the CNF surface. Based on the results, surface modification and addition of phthalimide increased the specific surface area, but also decreased the overall porosity, size of pores and volume of pores. When the temperature, humidity, pressure, and airflow rate increased, the CO2 adsorption significantly increased. The CO2 adsorption of phthalimide-modified CNF was confirmed by ATR-IR spectroscopy as the characteristic peaks of HCO3 −,NH3 + and ester bonding NCOO− were visible on the spectra.",
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A promising process to modify cellulose nanofibers for carbon dioxide (CO2) adsorption. / Sepahvand, Sima; Jonoobi, Mehdi (Corresponding author); Ashori, Alireza (Corresponding author); Gauvin, Florent; Brouwers, H. J.H.; Oksman, Kristiina; Yu, Qingliang (Corresponding author).

In: Carbohydrate Polymers, Vol. 230, 115571, 15.02.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Sepahvand, Sima

AU - Jonoobi, Mehdi

AU - Ashori, Alireza

AU - Gauvin, Florent

AU - Brouwers, H. J.H.

AU - Oksman, Kristiina

AU - Yu, Qingliang

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AB - A novel process of using phthalimide to modify cellulose nanofibers (CNF) for CO2 adsorption was studied. The effectiveness of the modification was confirmed by ATR-IR. Phthalimide incorporation onto CNF was confirmed with the characteristic peaks of NH2, C–N, and ester bonding COO− was observable. The XPS analyses confirmed the presence of N1s peak in Ph-CNF, meaning that the hydroxyl groups reacted with the amino groups (NH2) of phthalimide on the CNF surface. Based on the results, surface modification and addition of phthalimide increased the specific surface area, but also decreased the overall porosity, size of pores and volume of pores. When the temperature, humidity, pressure, and airflow rate increased, the CO2 adsorption significantly increased. The CO2 adsorption of phthalimide-modified CNF was confirmed by ATR-IR spectroscopy as the characteristic peaks of HCO3 −,NH3 + and ester bonding NCOO− were visible on the spectra.

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