A physical relationship between consumption and displacement speed for premixed flames with finite thickness

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The characterization of premixed flames by a flame speed has been a subject that has occupied much interest in the literature in many systematic studies on combustion phenomena. Consumption and displacement speeds are two such flame speeds that are understood to describe the flame dynamics under the effect of flame curvature, flow non-uniformities, Lewis number and turbulence effects along with heat transfer with flame holders and cold walls. As such, much work has been done in the past where either one of these two speeds has been employed along with a linear sensitivity coefficient (Markstein length) for describing different sensitivities to stretch effects. However, despite recent attempts using the asymptotic theory, the relationship between these two quantities has only been clarified in a limited manner for flames of finite thickness. In this study, we use flame stretch theory that takes into account changes of stretch, curvature, heat transfer and Lewis number effects throughout the pre-heat zone and its integral effect on the flame reaction zone. A sound mathematical and physical basis is provided for understanding the two speeds that is valid for weak as well as strong stretch effects. Understanding from theory is further demonstrated by analysing several example 1D stretched flames along with a 2D bluff body flame near extinction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2215-2223
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • Consumption speed
  • Displacement speed
  • Extinction
  • Integral effect
  • Strong flame stretch


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