A new smart micro grid process control strategy : the human leading the thermal comfort control

W. Zeiler, D.R. Vissers, G. Boxem

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review


There is a clear need for more sustainable solutions to provide energy within the built environment. A Smart Electrical Energy supplyGrid is being developed by the major Electricity distribution companies to cope with fluctuations in energy generation from the different renewableenergy sources. To achieve improved overall efficiency, the process control of the energy infrastructure in buildings also needs to become smart.Especially of great importance is to take in account the goal of the energy use: human comfort. Many buildings were designed and calculated byadvanced software tools and simulation tools. However in real practice these buildings do not achieve the calculated energy efficiency, but use up to40 to 50% more energy. One of the reasons for the difference between designed performance and real performance is the individual perceived humancomfort of which no real adequate integration into the process control of the HVAC systems exists. Therefore new process control approaches areneeded to implement the real individual perceived comfort of occupants of buildings. A so called Human-in-the-loop process control strategy is beingdeveloped; a strategy to implement individual perceived comfort in the process control loop of HVAC systems. By starting from the humanperspective and use available and new technology, we determined critical performance indicators for the perceived human comfort. To furtheroptimize the performance of these systems, further development was done into use of infra red heating systems for individual comfort control onworkplace level. The results of experiments on the level of workplace were preformed and showed an energy saving potential of around 17% of thenew process control strategy approach for the heating scenarios
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2013 ASHRAE Annual Conference, 22-26 June 2013, Denver, Colorado
Place of PublicationAtlanta
PublisherAmerican Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers
ISBN (Print)978-1-936504-54-1
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Eventconference; ASHRAE Annual Conference; 2013-06-22; 2013-06-26 -
Duration: 22 Jun 201326 Jun 2013

Publication series

NameASHRAE Transactions
ISSN (Print)0001-2505


Conferenceconference; ASHRAE Annual Conference; 2013-06-22; 2013-06-26
OtherASHRAE Annual Conference


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