A new indicator of European integration and an application to colloboration in scientific research

K. Frenken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)
11 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The goal of this study is to develop a comprehensive indicator of integration among countries within a supranational system. Integration is not analysed in terms of the growth in interactions among countries, but in terms of the matrix distribution of interactions among countries. Integration can then be indicated in terms of interaction biases among countries measured by the difference between the observed matrix distribution and the hypothetical random distribution. The indicator is applied to data on research collaborations among European research institutions (1993-2000). Evidence is found that the European science system has indeed become more integrated. The higher level of integration has resulted exclusively from a more evenly distributed pattern of European collaborations, while the strong bias towards intra-national collaborations persisted. The results point to the persistence of national science systems. A future research agenda and science policy implications are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-361
JournalEconomic Systems Research
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A new indicator of European integration and an application to colloboration in scientific research'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this