A new engineering approach to predict the hydrostatic strength of uPVC pipes

H.A. Visser, T.A.P. Engels, L.E. Govaert, T.C. Bor

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Abstract

Extruded unplasticised Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (uPVC) pipes are certified using pressurised pipe tests.During these tests the pipes are subjected to a certain temperature and internal pressure, while thetime-to-failure, the time at which the internal pressure drops due to rupture or fracture, is measured.These tests are time consuming and are therefore costly. To circumvent these costs a model-basedapproach is proposed where the time-to-failure is predicted. The input parameters for this approachcan be determined using short term measurements. The approach uses the observation that the timeto-failure kinetics of uPVC pipes subjected to an internal pressure is independent of the type of failuremode (ductile, semi-ductile or brittle). This supports our statement that the underlying mechanismthat initiates failure is similar for these types of failure. Local deformation of the material up to acritical value of the anelastic strain is believed to determine the start of failure of the material. Thiscritical strain appears to be constant for the testing conditions used during this study. A pressuremodified Eyring expression is employed to calculate the strain rate resulting from the applied stressat a certain temperature. The time-to-failure follows from the calculated strain rate and the criticalstrain of the material. This approach has been verified against literature data and shown to holdquantitatively. Furthermore, the model seems to hold for different processing conditions
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of PPS07 E/A, Gothenburg, Sweden, 2007
Place of PublicationSweden, Gothenburg, Sweden
Publication statusPublished - 2007
EventKonferanse om polymere produksjonsprosesser, modellering og simulering -
Duration: 1 Jan 2007 → …

Conference

ConferenceKonferanse om polymere produksjonsprosesser, modellering og simulering
Period1/01/07 → …
OtherKonferanse om polymere produksjonsprosesser, modellering og simulering

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