A multi-agent assisted approach for spatial Group Decision Support Systems: a case study of disaster management practice

Seyed Morsal Ghavami (Corresponding author), Jamshid Maleki, Theo Arentze

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Abstract

The paper proposes an alternative new approach in contrast with the traditional methods to deal with multi-criteria group decision-making problems. It takes into account the multi-criteria group decision-making process as a multi-stakeholder multi-issue negotiation problem, in which stakeholders attempt to lead a consensus on the relative importance of the criteria by using software agents. To do so, it suggests three main steps: pre-negotiation, automated negotiation, and evaluation phases. The pre-negotiation phase is a human-computer interaction by which software agents attempt to exhibit and model the preferences space of the stakeholders. In the automated negotiation phase, the agents come together to negotiate on the criteria weights to reach an agreement on behalf of the stakeholders. Finally, in the evaluation phase, the evaluator agent applies a sensitivity analysis method to determine output variations due to the inputs and parameters. The proposed method is applied to a disaster management practice as a real-world case study, in which some stakeholders jointly attempt to identify the strategic roads in disaster situations specifically, flood events. Three spatial criteria are used for evaluating the road transportation network: load capacity, access to emergency suppliers, and importance of the roads in geometric structure of the network. The results of the study confirm that the proposed method is an efficient alternative approach to deal with multi-criteria group decision-making problems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101223
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
Volume38
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

Fingerprint

disaster management
group decision
decision support system
Decision support systems
Disasters
management practice
disaster
stakeholder
Software agents
Decision making
management
decision making
road
Human computer interaction
Sensitivity analysis
software
sensitivity analysis
evaluation
supplier
decision-making process

Keywords

  • Multi-criteria decision making
  • Multi-issue negotiation
  • Orthogonal strategy
  • Spatial-group decision support system
  • Transportation network performance

Cite this

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A multi-agent assisted approach for spatial Group Decision Support Systems : a case study of disaster management practice. / Ghavami, Seyed Morsal (Corresponding author); Maleki, Jamshid; Arentze, Theo.

In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, Vol. 38, 101223, 01.08.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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