A mixture theory-based concrete corrosion model coupling chemical reactions, diffusion and mechanics

A.J. Vromans (Corresponding author), A. Muntean, A.A.F. van de Ven

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A 3-D continuum mixture model describing the corrosion of concrete with sulfuric acid is built. Essentially, the chemical reaction transforms slaked lime (calcium hydroxide) and sulfuric acid into gypsum releasing water. The model incorporates the evolution of chemical reaction, diffusion of species within the porous material and mechanical deformations. This model is applied to a 1-D problem of a plate-layer between concrete and sewer air. The influx of slaked lime from the concrete and sulfuric acid from the sewer air sustains a gypsum creating chemical reaction (sulfatation or sulfate attack). The combination of the influx of matter and the chemical reaction causes a net growth in the thickness of the gypsum layer on top of the concrete base. The model allows for the determination of the plate layer thickness h=h(t) as function of time, which indicates both the amount of gypsum being created due to concrete corrosion and the amount of slaked lime and sulfuric acid in the material. The existence of a parameter regime for which the model yields a non-decreasing plate layer thickness h(t) is identified numerically. The robustness of the model with respect to changes in the model parameters is also investigated.
Translated title of the contributionEen op mengseltheorie gebaseerde beton corrosie model dat chemische reacties, diffusie en mechanica koppelt.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages21
JournalPacific Journal of Mathematics for Industry
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2018


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