A Microfluidic Device with Continuous Ligand Gradients in Supported Lipid Bilayers to Probe Effects of Ligand Surface Density and Solution Shear Stress on Pathogen Adhesion

Jasper Van Weerd, Shrikrishnan Sankaran, Oliver Roling, Sertan Sukas, Sven Krabbenborg, Jurriaan Huskens, Séverine Le Gac, Bart Jan Ravoo, Marcel Karperien, Pascal Jonkheijm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studying binding interactions involving living cells requires a platform that carefully mimics the physiological parameters that govern these phenomena. Very often the amount of ligands that receptors can bind affect overall binding strength as is the case in cell adhesion. In addition, the physical environment can strongly influence these processes. This is exemplified by the effect of shear stress in catch-bond-mediated binding of bacteria. Traditional analysis techniques do not allow to probe these factors simultaneously. To this end, continuous ligand gradients in locked-in supported lipid bilayers (SLBs) are prepared in a microfluidic device to control fluid flow. This platform allows for one-pot characterization of cell surface binding events and 1) the effect of ligand density and 2) shear stress, simultaneously. The model interaction between the FimH receptor found on Escherichia coli and mannose found on the mammalian cell membrane is used to evaluate the platform. Using a single chip, specific E. coli ORN 178 adhesion (K d of 0.9 × 10-21 m), detachment and displacement are shown to depend on the mannose-density and shear stress. For the first time, these effects are studied in a single chip device with high quality. This chip provides entry to further our understanding of other cell-cell interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1600055
Number of pages6
JournalAdvanced Materials Interfaces
Volume3
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 May 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Keywords

  • carbohydrates
  • cells
  • monolayers
  • supramolecular chemistry
  • surface chemistry

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