A latex-based route to disperse carbon nanotubes in poly(2,6-dimethyl-1-1,4-phenylene ether)/polystyrene blends

N. Grossiord, B.A.J. Noordover, H.E. Miltner, Theo Hoeks, V. Alexandre, J. Loos, B. Van Mele, J. Meuldijk, C.E. Koning

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Abstract

Electrically conductive composites consisting of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in a poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene ether)/polystyrene (PPE/PS) blend are prepared by latex technology. The latter consists of 4 steps: preparation of an aqueous dispersion of CNTs, mixing with a polymer latex, solvent removal by freeze–drying and processing. In the first route, PPE/PS blend latexes are directly used to prepare nanocomposites by latex technology. The CNT/PPE/PS composites display an increased glass transition temperature compared to unfilled material and a percolation threshold as low as 0.3¿wt% of CNTs. Secondly, CNT/PS masterbatches prepared by latex technology are mixed with PS/PPE blend pellets by extrusion. This approach constitutes a potential first step towards an industrially viable process.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-236
Number of pages9
JournalMacromolecular Materials and Engineering
Volume299
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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