A high-voltage pulse transformer with a modular ferrite core

Z. Liu, G.J.J. Winands, K. Yan, A.J.M. Pemen, E.J.M. Heesch, van

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Abstract

A high ratio (winding ratio of 1:80) pulse transformer with a modular ferrite core was developed for a repetitive resonant charging system. The magnetic core is constructed from 68 small blocks of ferrites, glued together by epoxy resin. This allows a high degree of freedom in choosing core shape and size. Critical issues related to this modular design are the size tolerance of the individual ferrite blocks, the unavoidable air gap between the blocks, and the saturation of the core. To evaluate the swing of the flux density inside the core during the charging process, an equivalent circuit model was introduced. It was found that when a transformer is used in a resonant charging circuit, the minimal required volume of the magnetic material to keep the core unsaturated depends on the coupling coefficient of the transformer and is independent of the number of turns of the primary winding. Along the flux path, 17 small air gaps are present due to the inevitable joints between the ferrite blocks. The total air gap distance is about 0.67 mm. The primary and secondary windings have 16 turns and 1280 turns, respectively, and the actually obtained ratio is about 1:75.4. A coupling coefficient of 99.6% was obtained. Experimental results are in good agreement with the model, and the modular ferrite core works well. Using this transformer, the high-voltage capacitors can be charged up to more than 70 kV from a low-voltage capacitor with an initial charging voltage of about 965 V. With 26.9 J energy transfer, the increased flux density inside the core was about 0.23 T, and the core remains unsaturated. The energy transfer efficiency from the primary to the secondary was around 92%. ©2008 American Institute of Physics
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)015104-1/5
Number of pages5
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Volume79
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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Pulse transformers
transformers
Ferrite
high voltages
ferrites
Electric potential
Fluxes
pulses
Energy transfer
charging
Capacitors
Air
Magnetic cores
Ferrites
Magnetic materials
coupling coefficients
Epoxy resins
Equivalent circuits
air
capacitors

Cite this

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title = "A high-voltage pulse transformer with a modular ferrite core",
abstract = "A high ratio (winding ratio of 1:80) pulse transformer with a modular ferrite core was developed for a repetitive resonant charging system. The magnetic core is constructed from 68 small blocks of ferrites, glued together by epoxy resin. This allows a high degree of freedom in choosing core shape and size. Critical issues related to this modular design are the size tolerance of the individual ferrite blocks, the unavoidable air gap between the blocks, and the saturation of the core. To evaluate the swing of the flux density inside the core during the charging process, an equivalent circuit model was introduced. It was found that when a transformer is used in a resonant charging circuit, the minimal required volume of the magnetic material to keep the core unsaturated depends on the coupling coefficient of the transformer and is independent of the number of turns of the primary winding. Along the flux path, 17 small air gaps are present due to the inevitable joints between the ferrite blocks. The total air gap distance is about 0.67 mm. The primary and secondary windings have 16 turns and 1280 turns, respectively, and the actually obtained ratio is about 1:75.4. A coupling coefficient of 99.6{\%} was obtained. Experimental results are in good agreement with the model, and the modular ferrite core works well. Using this transformer, the high-voltage capacitors can be charged up to more than 70 kV from a low-voltage capacitor with an initial charging voltage of about 965 V. With 26.9 J energy transfer, the increased flux density inside the core was about 0.23 T, and the core remains unsaturated. The energy transfer efficiency from the primary to the secondary was around 92{\%}. {\circledC}2008 American Institute of Physics",
author = "Z. Liu and G.J.J. Winands and K. Yan and A.J.M. Pemen and {Heesch, van}, E.J.M.",
year = "2008",
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A high-voltage pulse transformer with a modular ferrite core. / Liu, Z.; Winands, G.J.J.; Yan, K.; Pemen, A.J.M.; Heesch, van, E.J.M.

In: Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 79, No. 1, 2008, p. 015104-1/5.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - A high-voltage pulse transformer with a modular ferrite core

AU - Liu, Z.

AU - Winands, G.J.J.

AU - Yan, K.

AU - Pemen, A.J.M.

AU - Heesch, van, E.J.M.

PY - 2008

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N2 - A high ratio (winding ratio of 1:80) pulse transformer with a modular ferrite core was developed for a repetitive resonant charging system. The magnetic core is constructed from 68 small blocks of ferrites, glued together by epoxy resin. This allows a high degree of freedom in choosing core shape and size. Critical issues related to this modular design are the size tolerance of the individual ferrite blocks, the unavoidable air gap between the blocks, and the saturation of the core. To evaluate the swing of the flux density inside the core during the charging process, an equivalent circuit model was introduced. It was found that when a transformer is used in a resonant charging circuit, the minimal required volume of the magnetic material to keep the core unsaturated depends on the coupling coefficient of the transformer and is independent of the number of turns of the primary winding. Along the flux path, 17 small air gaps are present due to the inevitable joints between the ferrite blocks. The total air gap distance is about 0.67 mm. The primary and secondary windings have 16 turns and 1280 turns, respectively, and the actually obtained ratio is about 1:75.4. A coupling coefficient of 99.6% was obtained. Experimental results are in good agreement with the model, and the modular ferrite core works well. Using this transformer, the high-voltage capacitors can be charged up to more than 70 kV from a low-voltage capacitor with an initial charging voltage of about 965 V. With 26.9 J energy transfer, the increased flux density inside the core was about 0.23 T, and the core remains unsaturated. The energy transfer efficiency from the primary to the secondary was around 92%. ©2008 American Institute of Physics

AB - A high ratio (winding ratio of 1:80) pulse transformer with a modular ferrite core was developed for a repetitive resonant charging system. The magnetic core is constructed from 68 small blocks of ferrites, glued together by epoxy resin. This allows a high degree of freedom in choosing core shape and size. Critical issues related to this modular design are the size tolerance of the individual ferrite blocks, the unavoidable air gap between the blocks, and the saturation of the core. To evaluate the swing of the flux density inside the core during the charging process, an equivalent circuit model was introduced. It was found that when a transformer is used in a resonant charging circuit, the minimal required volume of the magnetic material to keep the core unsaturated depends on the coupling coefficient of the transformer and is independent of the number of turns of the primary winding. Along the flux path, 17 small air gaps are present due to the inevitable joints between the ferrite blocks. The total air gap distance is about 0.67 mm. The primary and secondary windings have 16 turns and 1280 turns, respectively, and the actually obtained ratio is about 1:75.4. A coupling coefficient of 99.6% was obtained. Experimental results are in good agreement with the model, and the modular ferrite core works well. Using this transformer, the high-voltage capacitors can be charged up to more than 70 kV from a low-voltage capacitor with an initial charging voltage of about 965 V. With 26.9 J energy transfer, the increased flux density inside the core was about 0.23 T, and the core remains unsaturated. The energy transfer efficiency from the primary to the secondary was around 92%. ©2008 American Institute of Physics

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JF - Review of Scientific Instruments

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