To the present day, a multitude of studies aims to understand how the Central Nervous System (CNS) translates neural pulses to muscle motor tasks, through the analysis of surface EMG (sEMG) recordings. One of the most considerable methods applies the Non-Negative Matrix Factorization (NMF) to data recorded from sEMG electrodes, to extract coordinated motor patterns, the so-called muscle synergies, which hypothesize a modular control of the muscles by the CNS. The application of NMF could lead to novel applications in muscular rehabilitation or advanced prosthesis motor control. However, its application is still restricted to research laboratories, because the complexity of the NMF algorithm does not allow an efficient implementation on embedded systems, such as portable or wearable devices. This paper presents a FPGA-based hardware acceleration of a NMF algorithm, the Projected Gradient Alternating Least Square (ALS-PG), on a Xilinx Zynq7000 System-on-Chip (SoC) development board. In particular, we propose a case study for the pre-processing of sEMG in a hand prosthesis control system, where the NMF is subject to realtime processing constraints. Preliminary hardware optimizations produced a overall speedup of 2.92x of the algorithm (23.9x considering only the accelerated sections) compared to the software implementation executed on the board ARM core. The real-time constraint could not be met because the entire process is slower than a standard CPU implementation (6.14x worse), nevertheless, the overall system shown a promising increase in the power efficiency of 1.65x.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings - 2017 IEEE 31st International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium Workshops, IPDPSW 2017|
|Publisher||Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 30 Jun 2017|
|Event||31st IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium Workshops, IPDPSW 2017 - Orlando, United States|
Duration: 29 May 2017 → 2 Jun 2017
|Conference||31st IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium Workshops, IPDPSW 2017|
|Period||29/05/17 → 2/06/17|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2017 IEEE.
- biomedical engineering
- embedded development
- hardware acceleration
- motor control
- surface EMG