A fluoroscopy-based planning and guidance software tool for minimally invasive hip refixation by cement injection

D.F. Malan, S.J. van der Walt, R.G. Raidou, B. van den Berg, B.C. Stoel, Ch.P. Botha, R.G.H.H. Nelissen, E.R. Valstar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
272 Downloads (Pure)


Purpose: In orthopaedics, minimally invasive injection of bone cement is an established technique. We present HipRFX, a software tool for planning and guiding a cement injection procedure for stabilizing a loosening hip prosthesis. HipRFX works by analysing a pre-operative CT and intraoperative C-arm fluoroscopic images. Methods: HipRFX simulates the intraoperative fluoroscopic views that a surgeon would see on a display panel. Structures are rendered by modelling their X-ray attenuation. These are then compared to actual fluoroscopic images which allow cement volumes to be estimated. Five human cadaver legs were used to validate the software in conjunction with real percutaneous cement injection into artificially created periprothetic lesions. Results: Based on intraoperatively obtained fluoroscopic images, our software was able to estimate the cement volume that reached the pre-operatively planned targets. The actual median target lesion volume was 3.58 ml (range 3.17–4.64 ml). The median error in computed cement filling, as a percentage of target volume, was 5.3 % (range 2.2–14.8 %). Cement filling was between 17.6 and 55.4 % (median 51.8 %). Conclusions: As a proof of concept, HipRFX was capable of simulating intraoperative fluoroscopic C-arm images. Furthermore, it provided estimates of the fraction of injected cement deposited at its intended target location, as opposed to cement that leaked away. This level of knowledge is usually unavailable to the surgeon viewing a fluoroscopic image and may aid in evaluating the success of a percutaneous cement injection intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-296
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016


  • Digitally reconstructed radiograph
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Hip arthroplasty
  • Percutaneous
  • Pre-operative planning
  • Simulation
  • X-ray


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