A DNA-based synthetic apoptosome

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Living cells are able to regulate key cellular processes by physically assembling signaling components on dedicated molecular platforms. The spatial organization of proteins in these higher-order signaling complexes facilitates proximity-driven activation and inhibition events, allowing tight regulation of the flow of information. Here, we employ the programmability and modularity of DNA origami as a controllable molecular platform for studying protein-protein interactions involved in intracellular signaling. Specifically, we engineer a synthetic, DNA origami-based version of the apoptosome, a large multi-protein signaling complex that regulates apoptosis by co-localization of multiple caspase-9 monomers. Our in vitro characterization using both wildtype caspase-9 monomers and inactive mutants tethered to a DNA origami platform directly demonstrates that enzymatic activity is induced by proximity-driven dimerization with asymmetric, half-of-sites reactivity. Additionally, experimental results supported by a detailed thermodynamic model reveal a multivalent activity enhancement in tethered caspase-9 oligomers of three and four enzymes, partly originating from a statistical increase in the number of active catalytic units in higher-order enzyme clusters. Our results offer fundamental insights in caspase-9 activity regulation and demonstrate that DNA origami provides a modular platform to construct and characterize higher-order signaling complexes. The engineered DNA-based protein assembly platform has the potential to be broadly applied to inform the function of other important multi-enzyme assemblies involved in inflammation, innate immunity, and necrosis.
LanguageEnglish
JournalNature Catalysis
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2019

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Apoptosomes
Caspase 9
DNA
Proteins
Enzymes
Dimerization
Thermodynamics
Innate Immunity
Necrosis
Apoptosis
Inflammation

Cite this

@article{fe48f1128f32450985720b09e2616de8,
title = "A DNA-based synthetic apoptosome",
abstract = "Living cells are able to regulate key cellular processes by physically assembling signaling components on dedicated molecular platforms. The spatial organization of proteins in these higher-order signaling complexes facilitates proximity-driven activation and inhibition events, allowing tight regulation of the flow of information. Here, we employ the programmability and modularity of DNA origami as a controllable molecular platform for studying protein-protein interactions involved in intracellular signaling. Specifically, we engineer a synthetic, DNA origami-based version of the apoptosome, a large multi-protein signaling complex that regulates apoptosis by co-localization of multiple caspase-9 monomers. Our in vitro characterization using both wildtype caspase-9 monomers and inactive mutants tethered to a DNA origami platform directly demonstrates that enzymatic activity is induced by proximity-driven dimerization with asymmetric, half-of-sites reactivity. Additionally, experimental results supported by a detailed thermodynamic model reveal a multivalent activity enhancement in tethered caspase-9 oligomers of three and four enzymes, partly originating from a statistical increase in the number of active catalytic units in higher-order enzyme clusters. Our results offer fundamental insights in caspase-9 activity regulation and demonstrate that DNA origami provides a modular platform to construct and characterize higher-order signaling complexes. The engineered DNA-based protein assembly platform has the potential to be broadly applied to inform the function of other important multi-enzyme assemblies involved in inflammation, innate immunity, and necrosis.",
author = "Bas Rosier and Bart Markvoort and {Gumi Audenis}, Berta and Job Roodhuizen and Luc Brunsveld and {de Greef}, {Tom F.A.}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1101/660183",
language = "English",
journal = "Nature Catalysis",
issn = "2520-1158",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A DNA-based synthetic apoptosome

AU - Rosier,Bas

AU - Markvoort,Bart

AU - Gumi Audenis,Berta

AU - Roodhuizen,Job

AU - Brunsveld,Luc

AU - de Greef,Tom F.A.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Living cells are able to regulate key cellular processes by physically assembling signaling components on dedicated molecular platforms. The spatial organization of proteins in these higher-order signaling complexes facilitates proximity-driven activation and inhibition events, allowing tight regulation of the flow of information. Here, we employ the programmability and modularity of DNA origami as a controllable molecular platform for studying protein-protein interactions involved in intracellular signaling. Specifically, we engineer a synthetic, DNA origami-based version of the apoptosome, a large multi-protein signaling complex that regulates apoptosis by co-localization of multiple caspase-9 monomers. Our in vitro characterization using both wildtype caspase-9 monomers and inactive mutants tethered to a DNA origami platform directly demonstrates that enzymatic activity is induced by proximity-driven dimerization with asymmetric, half-of-sites reactivity. Additionally, experimental results supported by a detailed thermodynamic model reveal a multivalent activity enhancement in tethered caspase-9 oligomers of three and four enzymes, partly originating from a statistical increase in the number of active catalytic units in higher-order enzyme clusters. Our results offer fundamental insights in caspase-9 activity regulation and demonstrate that DNA origami provides a modular platform to construct and characterize higher-order signaling complexes. The engineered DNA-based protein assembly platform has the potential to be broadly applied to inform the function of other important multi-enzyme assemblies involved in inflammation, innate immunity, and necrosis.

AB - Living cells are able to regulate key cellular processes by physically assembling signaling components on dedicated molecular platforms. The spatial organization of proteins in these higher-order signaling complexes facilitates proximity-driven activation and inhibition events, allowing tight regulation of the flow of information. Here, we employ the programmability and modularity of DNA origami as a controllable molecular platform for studying protein-protein interactions involved in intracellular signaling. Specifically, we engineer a synthetic, DNA origami-based version of the apoptosome, a large multi-protein signaling complex that regulates apoptosis by co-localization of multiple caspase-9 monomers. Our in vitro characterization using both wildtype caspase-9 monomers and inactive mutants tethered to a DNA origami platform directly demonstrates that enzymatic activity is induced by proximity-driven dimerization with asymmetric, half-of-sites reactivity. Additionally, experimental results supported by a detailed thermodynamic model reveal a multivalent activity enhancement in tethered caspase-9 oligomers of three and four enzymes, partly originating from a statistical increase in the number of active catalytic units in higher-order enzyme clusters. Our results offer fundamental insights in caspase-9 activity regulation and demonstrate that DNA origami provides a modular platform to construct and characterize higher-order signaling complexes. The engineered DNA-based protein assembly platform has the potential to be broadly applied to inform the function of other important multi-enzyme assemblies involved in inflammation, innate immunity, and necrosis.

U2 - 10.1101/660183

DO - 10.1101/660183

M3 - Article

JO - Nature Catalysis

T2 - Nature Catalysis

JF - Nature Catalysis

SN - 2520-1158

ER -