Motion of the navicular bone might play a role in the development of navicular disease in horses but is difficult to asses. In the present study, 3-dimensional motion of this bone was determined using roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis. Tantalum pellets were inserted, in vitro, in the bones of 6 forelimbs of mature Shetland ponies and kinematics were measured during vertical loading up to 2 kN. The motions of the navicular bone and coffin joint were limited to flexion/extension, there were no substantial out-of-plane motions. There was only little flexion between the navicular bone and the coffin bone, which was correlated (r = 0.66) with coffin joint flexion. There was substantial flexion between the navicular bone and the short pastern, which was highly correlated with coffin joint flexion (r = 0.97). We conclude that the navicular bone, generally, follows the coffin bone during coffin joint flexion, although there are small but consistent motions between the navicular bone and the coffin bone. These motions might play a role in the development of navicular disease in horses.