A continuous preconcentration/extraction method for organic trace analysis by capillary gas chromatography

J.M.P.M. Curvers, T.H.M. Noij, C.A.M.G. Cramers, J.A. Rijks

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Abstract

A slightly modified steam distillation-extraction device is described for the continuous extraction and preconcentration of organic traces in aqueous samples, prior to capillary G.C.-analysis. The quantitative performance, both theoretically and practically, is studied using phenols as the test substances. The final recovery is determined by the flow-ratio of the water and the extracting solvent and by the extraction coefficient. The process is found to be highly reproducible even at low concentration levels (ppb’s). Using 30 ml. samples with a concentration of 30 ppb (1:10^9), 100 % recoveries are obtained for the phenolic substances studied, with a relative standard deviation of about 3 %, both for methylene chloride and ethylacetate as the extracting solvents. Using methylene chloride as the extracting solvent, for phenol a maximum recovery of 80 % was obtained.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-230
JournalChromatographia
Volume19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1984

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