### Abstract

In glass container manufacturing (e.g. production of glass bottles and jars) an important process step is the blowing of the final product. This process is fast and is characterized by large deformations and the interaction of a hot glass fluid that gets into contact with a colder metal, the mould. The objective of this paper is to extend and further develop our finite element model [1] to be used for industrial purposes. To achieve this both steps of the forming of glass containers, namely blow-blow needs to be simulated and tested against real industrial problems. The model should be able to correctly represent the flow of glass, the energy exchange during the process and provide the final thickness of the final product. For tracking the geometry of the deforming inner and outer interface of glass, the level set technique is applied on a fixed mesh. At each time step the coupled problem of flow and energy exchange is solved by the model. Here the flow problem is only solved for the domain enclosed by the mould, whereas in the energy calculations, the mould domain is also taken into account. A non uniform temperature distribution is considered for the blowing of the preform. For all the calculations the material parameters (like viscosity) are based on the glass position, i.e. the position of the level sets. The velocity distribution, as found from this solution procedure, is then used to update the two level sets by means of solving a convection equation. A fast marching re-initialization algorithm is applied after each time step in order to let the level sets re-attain the property of being a signed distance function. The model is validated by several examples focusing on both the overall behavior (such as conservation of mass and energy) and the local behavior of the flow (such as glass-mould contact) and temperature distributions.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | Proceedings 2007 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2007, San Antonio TX, USA, July 22-26, 2007), Paper PVP 2007-26408 |

Publisher | American Society of Mechanical Engineers |

Pages | 79-86 |

Publication status | Published - 2007 |

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## Cite this

Giannopapa, C. G., & Groot, J. A. W. M. (2007). A computer simulation model for the blow-blow forming process of glass containers. In

*Proceedings 2007 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2007, San Antonio TX, USA, July 22-26, 2007), Paper PVP 2007-26408*(pp. 79-86). American Society of Mechanical Engineers.