The intermittent nature of renewable energy sources challenges the power network reliability. However, these challenges can be alleviated by incorporating energy storage devices into the network. We develop a computational technique which can find the optimal storage placement in the network with stochastic power injections, subject to minimizing a reliability index: The probability of a line current violation. We use the simulated annealing algorithm to minimize this probability under the variation of storage locations and capacities in the network, keeping the total storage capacity constant. In order to estimate the small probabilities of line current violations we use the splitting technique of rare-event simulation. We construct an appropriate importance function for splitting which enhances the efficiency of the probability estimator compared to the conventional Crude Monte Carlo estimator. As an illustration, we apply our method to the IEEE-14 bus network.
|Title of host publication||2016 Winter Simulation Conference|
|Subtitle of host publication||Simulating Complex Service Systems, WSC 2016|
|Editors||Theresa M. Roeder, Peter I. Frazier, Robert Szechtman, Enlu Zhou|
|Publisher||Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers|
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 2 Jul 2016|
|Event||2016 Winter Simulation Conference, WSC 2016 - Washington, D.C., Arlington, United States|
Duration: 11 Dec 2016 → 14 Dec 2016
|Conference||2016 Winter Simulation Conference, WSC 2016|
|Abbreviated title||WSC 2016|
|Period||11/12/16 → 14/12/16|
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© 2016 IEEE.