A comprehensive experimental and modeling study of the ignition delay time characteristics of ternary and quaternary blends of methane, ethane, ethylene, and propane over a wide range of temperature, pressure, equivalence ratio, and dilution

Sergio Martinez, Mohammadreza Baigmohammadi, Vaibhav Patel, Snehasish Panigrahy (Corresponding author), Amrit B. Sahu, Shashank Nagaraja, Ajoy Ramalingam, Karl Alexander Heufer, Andrzej Pekalski, Henry J. Curran

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Abstract

The ignition delay time (IDT) characteristics of new ternary and quaternary blended C1 – C3 gaseous hydrocarbons, including methane/ethane/ethylene and methane/ethane/ethylene/propane, are studied over a wide range of mixture composition, temperature (∼800 – 2000 K), pressure (∼1 – 135 bar), equivalence ratio (∼0.5 – 2.0), and dilution (∼75 – 90%) using both experimental data and kinetic modeling tools. In this regard, all of the experimental tests were designed using the Taguchi approach (L9) to fulfill the experimental matrix required to generate a comprehensive set necessary to validate a detailed chemical kinetic model. High- and low-temperature IDTs were recorded using low/high-pressure shock tubes (L/HPST) and rapid compression machines (RCM), respectively. The model predictions using NUIGMech1.2 are evaluated versus all of the newly recorded experimental data. Moreover, the individual effects on IDT predictions of the parameters studied, including mixture composition and pressure, are investigated over the temperature range. The results show that NUIGMech1.2 can reasonably reproduce the experimental IDTs over the wide range of the conditions studied. The constant-volume simulations using the chemical kinetic mechanism reveal the synergistic/antagonistic effect of blending on IDTs over the studied temperature range so that IDTs in certain temperature ranges are very sensitive to even small changes in mixture composition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111626
Number of pages13
JournalCombustion and Flame
Volume234
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to express their gratitude to Shell Research Ltd. and Science Foundation Ireland (SFI) for funding via project numbers 15/IA/3177 and 16/SP/3829, and KAY-ICHEC via the project ngche079c. The authors from PCFC, RWTH Aachen University, would like to recognize the funding support from the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, DFG) through project number – 322460823 (HE7599/2-1).

Keywords

  • Ethane
  • Ethylene
  • Ignition delay time
  • Methane
  • Propane
  • RCM
  • Shock tube

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