A comparison of households' energy balance in residential smart grid pilots in the Netherlands

Cihan Gercek (Corresponding author), Wouter Schram, Ioannis Lampropoulos, Wilfried van Sark, Angèle Reinders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
36 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This paper presents an analysis that frames the impact of various smart grid technologies, with an objective to provide a transparent framework for residential smart grid demonstration projects based on predefined and clearly formulated key performance indicators. The analysis inspects measured energy data of 217 households from three smart grid pilot projects in the Netherlands and a public dataset with smart meter data from 70 households as a reference. The datasets were evaluated for one year and compared to provide insights on technologies and other differences based on seven key performance indicators, giving a comprehensive overview: monthly electricity consumption (100-600 kWh) and production (4-200 kWh); annually imported (3.1-4.5 MWh) and exported (0.2-1 MWh) electricity; residual load; peak of imported (4.8-6.8 kW) and exported (0.3-2.2 kW) electricity; import simultaneity (20-70.5%); feed in simultaneity (75-89%); self-sufficiency (18-20%); and self-consumption (50-70%). It was found that the electrification of heating systems in buildings by using heat pumps leads to an increase of annual electricity consumption and peak loads of approximately 30% compared to the average Dutch households without heat pumps. Moreover, these peaks have a high degree of simultaneity. To increase both the self-sufficiency and self-consumption of households, further investigations will be required to optimize smart grid systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2993
Number of pages16
JournalApplied Sciences
Volume9
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • Consumption patterns
  • Energy system analysis
  • Flexibility
  • Heat pumps
  • Load duration curve
  • Photovoltaic
  • Self-consumption
  • Self-sufficiency
  • Smart grids

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