This paper focuses attention on the potentially larger signal-to-noise ratios produced by microbore columns in comparison with conventional columns. The increased chromatographic signals by the application of microbore columns are due to the lower chromatographic dilution of elution profiles which are proportional to the square of the column inner radius. Generally less than 1µl sample should be injected into microbore systems to obtain the full benefit of the column performance. However, since more sample can be loaded on conventional columns compared to microbore columns the advantage of improved signal-to-noise ratio can only be realised in situations where very little sample is available. To inject more than 1µl sample, at the same time avoiding extra band-broadening effects, suitable injection techniques must be available. In this study three injection methods for microbore systems that meet this condition, are studied and compared.
Claessens, H. A., & Kuyken, M. A. J. (1987). A comparative study of large volume injection techniques for microbore columns in HPLC. Chromatographia, 23(5), 331-336. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02316178