During the loading phase of a vessel, only the containers that are on top of their stack are directly accessible. If the container that needs to be loaded next is not the top container, extra moves have to be performed, resulting in an increased loading time. One way to resolve this issue is via a procedure called premarshalling. The goal of premarshalling is to reshuffle the containers into a desired lay-out prior to the arrival of the vessel, in the minimum number of moves possible. This paper presents an exact algorithm based on branch and bound, that is evaluated on a large set of instances. The complexity of the premarshalling problem is also considered, and this paper shows that the problem at hand is NP-hard, even in the natural case of stacks with fixed height.
|Number of pages||27|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|