A 60-GHz energy harvesting module with on-chip antenna and switch for co-integration with ULP radios in 65-nm CMOS with fully wireless mm-wave power transfer measurement

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Abstract

In this paper the architecture and performance of a co-integrated 60 GHz on-chip wireless energy harvester and ultra-low power (ULP) radio in 65-nm CMOS are discussed. Integration of an on-chip antenna with wireless power receiver and wireless data transfer module is the crucial next step to achieve compact and high efficiency fully-integrated monolithic wireless sensor nodes. A single-pole-single-throw 60 GHz RF switch is proposed and simulated to decouple the power harvesting and data transfer module. The designed on-chip RF switch has -2 dB insertion loss in EM simulations, and achieves -18 dB isolation between the energy harvesting module and the data transfer module. A single on-chip monopole antenna for power reception and data transfer is proposed with an adapted layout to reduce power coupling to undesired substrate modes. The simulated antenna shows a gain of -1.68 dBi. The power harvesting performance of the co-integrated antenna, switch and Dickson type multistage rectifier is simulated and leads to a DC output voltage of 1.2 V for -5 dBm input power at 60 GHz. With 15 dBm power transmitted to the tag at 30 GHz, the output voltage is 1.14V in the measurement. This paper is the first to demonstrate the 30 GHz mm-wave wireless energy harvesting with fully on-chip wireless energy receiver.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS2014), 1-5 June 2014, Melbourne, Australia
Place of PublicationPiscataway
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Pages1640-1643
ISBN (Print)978-1-4799-3431-7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event2014 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS 2014) - Melbourne, Australia
Duration: 1 Jun 20145 Jun 2014
http://iscas2014.org/

Conference

Conference2014 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS 2014)
Abbreviated titleISCAS 2014
CountryAustralia
CityMelbourne
Period1/06/145/06/14
Internet address

Fingerprint

Wave power
Radio receivers
Energy harvesting
Switches
Antennas
Data transfer
Monopole antennas
Harvesters
Electric potential
Insertion losses
Sensor nodes
Poles
Substrates

Cite this

Gao, H. ; Matters - Kammerer, M. ; Harpe, P.J.A. ; Milosevic, D. ; Roermund, van, A.H.M. ; Linnartz, J.P.M.G. ; Baltus, P.G.M. / A 60-GHz energy harvesting module with on-chip antenna and switch for co-integration with ULP radios in 65-nm CMOS with fully wireless mm-wave power transfer measurement. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS2014), 1-5 June 2014, Melbourne, Australia. Piscataway : Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014. pp. 1640-1643
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title = "A 60-GHz energy harvesting module with on-chip antenna and switch for co-integration with ULP radios in 65-nm CMOS with fully wireless mm-wave power transfer measurement",
abstract = "In this paper the architecture and performance of a co-integrated 60 GHz on-chip wireless energy harvester and ultra-low power (ULP) radio in 65-nm CMOS are discussed. Integration of an on-chip antenna with wireless power receiver and wireless data transfer module is the crucial next step to achieve compact and high efficiency fully-integrated monolithic wireless sensor nodes. A single-pole-single-throw 60 GHz RF switch is proposed and simulated to decouple the power harvesting and data transfer module. The designed on-chip RF switch has -2 dB insertion loss in EM simulations, and achieves -18 dB isolation between the energy harvesting module and the data transfer module. A single on-chip monopole antenna for power reception and data transfer is proposed with an adapted layout to reduce power coupling to undesired substrate modes. The simulated antenna shows a gain of -1.68 dBi. The power harvesting performance of the co-integrated antenna, switch and Dickson type multistage rectifier is simulated and leads to a DC output voltage of 1.2 V for -5 dBm input power at 60 GHz. With 15 dBm power transmitted to the tag at 30 GHz, the output voltage is 1.14V in the measurement. This paper is the first to demonstrate the 30 GHz mm-wave wireless energy harvesting with fully on-chip wireless energy receiver.",
author = "H. Gao and {Matters - Kammerer}, M. and P.J.A. Harpe and D. Milosevic and {Roermund, van}, A.H.M. and J.P.M.G. Linnartz and P.G.M. Baltus",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1109/ISCAS.2014.6865466",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-1-4799-3431-7",
pages = "1640--1643",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS2014), 1-5 June 2014, Melbourne, Australia",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers",
address = "United States",

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Gao, H, Matters - Kammerer, M, Harpe, PJA, Milosevic, D, Roermund, van, AHM, Linnartz, JPMG & Baltus, PGM 2014, A 60-GHz energy harvesting module with on-chip antenna and switch for co-integration with ULP radios in 65-nm CMOS with fully wireless mm-wave power transfer measurement. in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS2014), 1-5 June 2014, Melbourne, Australia. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, pp. 1640-1643, 2014 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS 2014), Melbourne, Australia, 1/06/14. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISCAS.2014.6865466

A 60-GHz energy harvesting module with on-chip antenna and switch for co-integration with ULP radios in 65-nm CMOS with fully wireless mm-wave power transfer measurement. / Gao, H.; Matters - Kammerer, M.; Harpe, P.J.A.; Milosevic, D.; Roermund, van, A.H.M.; Linnartz, J.P.M.G.; Baltus, P.G.M.

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS2014), 1-5 June 2014, Melbourne, Australia. Piscataway : Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2014. p. 1640-1643.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - A 60-GHz energy harvesting module with on-chip antenna and switch for co-integration with ULP radios in 65-nm CMOS with fully wireless mm-wave power transfer measurement

AU - Gao, H.

AU - Matters - Kammerer, M.

AU - Harpe, P.J.A.

AU - Milosevic, D.

AU - Roermund, van, A.H.M.

AU - Linnartz, J.P.M.G.

AU - Baltus, P.G.M.

PY - 2014

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N2 - In this paper the architecture and performance of a co-integrated 60 GHz on-chip wireless energy harvester and ultra-low power (ULP) radio in 65-nm CMOS are discussed. Integration of an on-chip antenna with wireless power receiver and wireless data transfer module is the crucial next step to achieve compact and high efficiency fully-integrated monolithic wireless sensor nodes. A single-pole-single-throw 60 GHz RF switch is proposed and simulated to decouple the power harvesting and data transfer module. The designed on-chip RF switch has -2 dB insertion loss in EM simulations, and achieves -18 dB isolation between the energy harvesting module and the data transfer module. A single on-chip monopole antenna for power reception and data transfer is proposed with an adapted layout to reduce power coupling to undesired substrate modes. The simulated antenna shows a gain of -1.68 dBi. The power harvesting performance of the co-integrated antenna, switch and Dickson type multistage rectifier is simulated and leads to a DC output voltage of 1.2 V for -5 dBm input power at 60 GHz. With 15 dBm power transmitted to the tag at 30 GHz, the output voltage is 1.14V in the measurement. This paper is the first to demonstrate the 30 GHz mm-wave wireless energy harvesting with fully on-chip wireless energy receiver.

AB - In this paper the architecture and performance of a co-integrated 60 GHz on-chip wireless energy harvester and ultra-low power (ULP) radio in 65-nm CMOS are discussed. Integration of an on-chip antenna with wireless power receiver and wireless data transfer module is the crucial next step to achieve compact and high efficiency fully-integrated monolithic wireless sensor nodes. A single-pole-single-throw 60 GHz RF switch is proposed and simulated to decouple the power harvesting and data transfer module. The designed on-chip RF switch has -2 dB insertion loss in EM simulations, and achieves -18 dB isolation between the energy harvesting module and the data transfer module. A single on-chip monopole antenna for power reception and data transfer is proposed with an adapted layout to reduce power coupling to undesired substrate modes. The simulated antenna shows a gain of -1.68 dBi. The power harvesting performance of the co-integrated antenna, switch and Dickson type multistage rectifier is simulated and leads to a DC output voltage of 1.2 V for -5 dBm input power at 60 GHz. With 15 dBm power transmitted to the tag at 30 GHz, the output voltage is 1.14V in the measurement. This paper is the first to demonstrate the 30 GHz mm-wave wireless energy harvesting with fully on-chip wireless energy receiver.

U2 - 10.1109/ISCAS.2014.6865466

DO - 10.1109/ISCAS.2014.6865466

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 978-1-4799-3431-7

SP - 1640

EP - 1643

BT - Proceedings of the International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS2014), 1-5 June 2014, Melbourne, Australia

PB - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

CY - Piscataway

ER -

Gao H, Matters - Kammerer M, Harpe PJA, Milosevic D, Roermund, van AHM, Linnartz JPMG et al. A 60-GHz energy harvesting module with on-chip antenna and switch for co-integration with ULP radios in 65-nm CMOS with fully wireless mm-wave power transfer measurement. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS2014), 1-5 June 2014, Melbourne, Australia. Piscataway: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. 2014. p. 1640-1643 https://doi.org/10.1109/ISCAS.2014.6865466