A 1.9nJ/bit 2.4GHz multistandard (bluetooth low energy/zigbee/ IEEE802.15.6) transceiver for personal/body area networks

Y.-H. Liu, Xiongchuan Huang, Maja Vidojkovic, A. Ba, P.J.A. Harpe, G. Dolmans, H.W.H. Groot, de

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

This paper presents a multistandard ultra-low-power (ULP) 2.36/2.4GHz transceiver for personal and body-area networks (PAN/BAN). The presented radio complies with 3 short-range standards: Bluetooth Low Energy (BT-LE), IEEE802.15.4 (ZigBee) and IEEE802.15.6 (Medical Body-Area Networks, MBAN). A proprietary 2Mb/s mode is also implemented to support data-streaming applications like hearing aids. Current short-range radios for Zigbee and BT-LE typically consume more than 20mW DC power, which is rather high for autonomous systems with limited battery energy. The dual-mode MBAN/BT-LE transceiver achieves a power consumption of 6.5mW for the RX and 5.9mW for the TX by employing a sliding-IF RX and a polar TX architecture. However, it suffers from limited RX image rejection and needs a PA operating at a higher supply voltage. In this paper, an energy-efficient radio architecture with a suitable LO frequency plan is selected, and several efficiency-enhancement techniques for the critical RF circuits (e.g., a push-pull mixer and a digitally-assisted PA) are utilized. As a result, the presented transceiver dissipates only 3.8mW (RX) and 4.6mW (TX) DC power from a 1.2V supply, while exceeding all of the PHY requirements of above 3 standards.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2013 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference Digest of Technical Papers (ISSCC), 17-21 February 2013, San Francisco, California
Place of PublicationPiscataway
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Pages446-447
ISBN (Print)978-1-4673-4515-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event60th IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference (ISSCC 2013) - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: 17 Feb 201321 Feb 2013
Conference number: 60

Conference

Conference60th IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference (ISSCC 2013)
Abbreviated titleISSCC 2013
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period17/02/1321/02/13
Other“60 Years of (Em)Powering the Future”

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Zigbee
Bluetooth
Transceivers
Hearing aids
Mixer circuits
Radio receivers
Electric power utilization
Networks (circuits)
Electric potential

Cite this

Liu, Y-H., Huang, X., Vidojkovic, M., Ba, A., Harpe, P. J. A., Dolmans, G., & Groot, de, H. W. H. (2013). A 1.9nJ/bit 2.4GHz multistandard (bluetooth low energy/zigbee/ IEEE802.15.6) transceiver for personal/body area networks. In Proceedings of the 2013 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference Digest of Technical Papers (ISSCC), 17-21 February 2013, San Francisco, California (pp. 446-447). Piscataway: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISSCC.2013.6487808
Liu, Y.-H. ; Huang, Xiongchuan ; Vidojkovic, Maja ; Ba, A. ; Harpe, P.J.A. ; Dolmans, G. ; Groot, de, H.W.H. / A 1.9nJ/bit 2.4GHz multistandard (bluetooth low energy/zigbee/ IEEE802.15.6) transceiver for personal/body area networks. Proceedings of the 2013 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference Digest of Technical Papers (ISSCC), 17-21 February 2013, San Francisco, California. Piscataway : Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2013. pp. 446-447
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title = "A 1.9nJ/bit 2.4GHz multistandard (bluetooth low energy/zigbee/ IEEE802.15.6) transceiver for personal/body area networks",
abstract = "This paper presents a multistandard ultra-low-power (ULP) 2.36/2.4GHz transceiver for personal and body-area networks (PAN/BAN). The presented radio complies with 3 short-range standards: Bluetooth Low Energy (BT-LE), IEEE802.15.4 (ZigBee) and IEEE802.15.6 (Medical Body-Area Networks, MBAN). A proprietary 2Mb/s mode is also implemented to support data-streaming applications like hearing aids. Current short-range radios for Zigbee and BT-LE typically consume more than 20mW DC power, which is rather high for autonomous systems with limited battery energy. The dual-mode MBAN/BT-LE transceiver achieves a power consumption of 6.5mW for the RX and 5.9mW for the TX by employing a sliding-IF RX and a polar TX architecture. However, it suffers from limited RX image rejection and needs a PA operating at a higher supply voltage. In this paper, an energy-efficient radio architecture with a suitable LO frequency plan is selected, and several efficiency-enhancement techniques for the critical RF circuits (e.g., a push-pull mixer and a digitally-assisted PA) are utilized. As a result, the presented transceiver dissipates only 3.8mW (RX) and 4.6mW (TX) DC power from a 1.2V supply, while exceeding all of the PHY requirements of above 3 standards.",
author = "Y.-H. Liu and Xiongchuan Huang and Maja Vidojkovic and A. Ba and P.J.A. Harpe and G. Dolmans and {Groot, de}, H.W.H.",
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Liu, Y-H, Huang, X, Vidojkovic, M, Ba, A, Harpe, PJA, Dolmans, G & Groot, de, HWH 2013, A 1.9nJ/bit 2.4GHz multistandard (bluetooth low energy/zigbee/ IEEE802.15.6) transceiver for personal/body area networks. in Proceedings of the 2013 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference Digest of Technical Papers (ISSCC), 17-21 February 2013, San Francisco, California. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, pp. 446-447, 60th IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference (ISSCC 2013), San Francisco, CA, United States, 17/02/13. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISSCC.2013.6487808

A 1.9nJ/bit 2.4GHz multistandard (bluetooth low energy/zigbee/ IEEE802.15.6) transceiver for personal/body area networks. / Liu, Y.-H.; Huang, Xiongchuan; Vidojkovic, Maja; Ba, A.; Harpe, P.J.A.; Dolmans, G.; Groot, de, H.W.H.

Proceedings of the 2013 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference Digest of Technical Papers (ISSCC), 17-21 February 2013, San Francisco, California. Piscataway : Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2013. p. 446-447.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Liu, Y.-H.

AU - Huang, Xiongchuan

AU - Vidojkovic, Maja

AU - Ba, A.

AU - Harpe, P.J.A.

AU - Dolmans, G.

AU - Groot, de, H.W.H.

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N2 - This paper presents a multistandard ultra-low-power (ULP) 2.36/2.4GHz transceiver for personal and body-area networks (PAN/BAN). The presented radio complies with 3 short-range standards: Bluetooth Low Energy (BT-LE), IEEE802.15.4 (ZigBee) and IEEE802.15.6 (Medical Body-Area Networks, MBAN). A proprietary 2Mb/s mode is also implemented to support data-streaming applications like hearing aids. Current short-range radios for Zigbee and BT-LE typically consume more than 20mW DC power, which is rather high for autonomous systems with limited battery energy. The dual-mode MBAN/BT-LE transceiver achieves a power consumption of 6.5mW for the RX and 5.9mW for the TX by employing a sliding-IF RX and a polar TX architecture. However, it suffers from limited RX image rejection and needs a PA operating at a higher supply voltage. In this paper, an energy-efficient radio architecture with a suitable LO frequency plan is selected, and several efficiency-enhancement techniques for the critical RF circuits (e.g., a push-pull mixer and a digitally-assisted PA) are utilized. As a result, the presented transceiver dissipates only 3.8mW (RX) and 4.6mW (TX) DC power from a 1.2V supply, while exceeding all of the PHY requirements of above 3 standards.

AB - This paper presents a multistandard ultra-low-power (ULP) 2.36/2.4GHz transceiver for personal and body-area networks (PAN/BAN). The presented radio complies with 3 short-range standards: Bluetooth Low Energy (BT-LE), IEEE802.15.4 (ZigBee) and IEEE802.15.6 (Medical Body-Area Networks, MBAN). A proprietary 2Mb/s mode is also implemented to support data-streaming applications like hearing aids. Current short-range radios for Zigbee and BT-LE typically consume more than 20mW DC power, which is rather high for autonomous systems with limited battery energy. The dual-mode MBAN/BT-LE transceiver achieves a power consumption of 6.5mW for the RX and 5.9mW for the TX by employing a sliding-IF RX and a polar TX architecture. However, it suffers from limited RX image rejection and needs a PA operating at a higher supply voltage. In this paper, an energy-efficient radio architecture with a suitable LO frequency plan is selected, and several efficiency-enhancement techniques for the critical RF circuits (e.g., a push-pull mixer and a digitally-assisted PA) are utilized. As a result, the presented transceiver dissipates only 3.8mW (RX) and 4.6mW (TX) DC power from a 1.2V supply, while exceeding all of the PHY requirements of above 3 standards.

U2 - 10.1109/ISSCC.2013.6487808

DO - 10.1109/ISSCC.2013.6487808

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 978-1-4673-4515-6

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EP - 447

BT - Proceedings of the 2013 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference Digest of Technical Papers (ISSCC), 17-21 February 2013, San Francisco, California

PB - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

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Liu Y-H, Huang X, Vidojkovic M, Ba A, Harpe PJA, Dolmans G et al. A 1.9nJ/bit 2.4GHz multistandard (bluetooth low energy/zigbee/ IEEE802.15.6) transceiver for personal/body area networks. In Proceedings of the 2013 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference Digest of Technical Papers (ISSCC), 17-21 February 2013, San Francisco, California. Piscataway: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. 2013. p. 446-447 https://doi.org/10.1109/ISSCC.2013.6487808