84 ways to manipulate a membrane

Arno Pronk, Maurice Dominicus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


If designers ask for the dos and don 'ts concerning the geometry of membranes, it is hard to give a clear and simple answer. This paper gives a complete overview of the possibilities for the manipulation of membranes. It is presented in a matrix with 84 icons representing the 84 ways to manipulate a membrane. The overview aims to be a helpful instrument for designers and researchers working with membranes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-270
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2012


  • Form finding
  • Manipulation and adaption
  • Membranes
  • Morphology


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