3D concrete printing – a structural engineering perspective

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19 Citations (Scopus)
33 Downloads (Pure)


3D Concrete Printing (3DCP) is being developed in an increasing number of places around the globe. The focus is mainly on a trial-and-error based exploration of the possibilities. However, to obtain a viable manufacturing technology and realize the 3DCP potential, a higher level of process control is required. Four levels of control are therefore identified. Research efforts and key results to achieve a higher level of control than the current one are presented. As a final goal, optimization algorithms should be able to define optimum print sessions, based on allowable print strategies and structural analysis models describing both the fresh and hardened concrete state. This will result in new geometries appropriate to this specific manufacturing technique. These geometries, however, can only be applied when structural safety is achieved, either by loading conditions (compression structures), hybrid solutions (combination with conventional reinforced concrete), embedded reinforcement, FRC and prestress. Such solutions are therefore being explored.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHigh Tech Concrete: where technology and engineering meet
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 2017 fib Symposium, held in Maastricht, The Netherlands, June 12–14, 2017
EditorsD.A. Hordijk, M. Luković
Place of PublicationCham
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-59471-2
ISBN (Print)978-331959470-5
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event2017 fib Symposium: High Tech Concrete: Where Technology and Engineering Meet - MECC, Maastricht, Netherlands
Duration: 12 Jun 201714 Jun 2017


Conference2017 fib Symposium
Abbreviated titlefib Symposium 2017


  • 3d printing
  • Concrete
  • Ductility
  • Fibers
  • Reinforcement


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