2NdSKin: a business opportunity driven zero-energy apartment refurbishment approach in the Netherlands

Sybren Steensma, Thaleia Konstantinou, Tillmann Klein, Sacha Silvester, O. Guerra-Santin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review


The post-war apartments in the Netherlands account for 1/3 of the residential stock. To increase the renovation rate, the product-/service propositions have to change radically. This paper presents the 2ndSkin refurbishment concept – a business opportunity driven research and development projects – that results in zero energy use of dwellings, while minimising construction time and maximizing occupants’ acceptance. The project is developing a scalable approach, relying on prefabrication and industrialization, benefitting from economies of scale to drop cost. This is a shift from the traditional, project-based working culture of the construction industry. Furthermore, the paper proposes a business model for similar refurbishment approaches. The model aims at reversing the traditional decision-making process, to facilitate the zero-energy refurbishment introduction to the market.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSustainable built environment
Subtitle of host publicationTransition zero
EditorsIvo Opstelten, Ronald Rovers, Nadia Verdeyen, Andy Wagenaar
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)978-90-815602-9-0
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes
EventConference Sustainable Built Environment : Transition ZERO - Utrecht, Netherlands
Duration: 7 Apr 20168 Apr 2016


ConferenceConference Sustainable Built Environment


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