• 928 Citations

Research output per year

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Personal profile


"Inventions are not yet innovations, and innovations do not automatically have an impact on society."

Research profile

Rudi Bekkers is a Full Professor and Chair of Standardisation and Intellectual Property at Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e). For over a hundred years, both standardization and intellectual property have been key mechanisms that shape technological progress, align technology development and adoption among stakeholders, and create winners and losers. They are likely going to become even much more important in the years to come, in our increasingly connected society. A society in which standalone technologies are going to be increasingly rare, and an era in which we place hope on technology to address grand societal challenges in fields such as energy, mobility, health, and wellbeing.


Rudi’s research interests include questions on how standards can help to create valuable and well-functioning markets, on the strategic behavior of companies and organizations using patents and standards, and how institutional settings could be improved in order to serve the public benefit. In addition to domains where standards traditionally play an important role (telecommunications, consumer electronics, internet), his interests also extends to new areas where standards become increasingly important, such as sustainable mobility, smart grids, and the Internet of Things.


Rudi combines work in both academia and industry. Since 2001, he has been associated with Dialogic, a Utrecht-based research firm with which he remains associated today. He has conducted over 50 commissioned studies in the field of innovation and policy and was key author of several large studies for the European Commission. Rudi serves on a number of advisory boards, including the IEEE-SA Europe Advisory Council, and the Forum Standardisatie, which advises the Dutch government on standardization questions. Enthusiastic about teaching, Rudi not only offers courses at his own department, but has also initiated a successful course sequence on standards and IPR for TU/e Bachelor students. Rudi is currently Chair of the Technology, Innovation and Society (TIS) group at TU/e.

Academic background

Rudi Bekkers (1969) received a BSc in Electrical Engineering in 1991, an MSc in Technology and Society in 1994, and a PhD on the development of mobile telecommunications standards in 2001. Since 2003, he worked at TU/e as Assistant professor and later as Associate Professor.


His academic papers have appeared in a wide range of highly respected, peer-reviewed journals such as California Management Review, Research Policy, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, and Telecommunications Policy, among others.  One of his recent papers recently appeared at the US National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) . He also presented his work at high-level academic conferences, such as those of the International Schumpeter Society (ISS), DRUID, EMAEE, DIME, European Policy for Intellectual Property (EPIP) and the EPO/OECD IP Statistics for Decision Makers Conference (IPSDM), and regularly acts as invited speaker at conferences, workshops and other events in Europe, the US, and the Far East.


He has published in a wide range of journals, including Research Policy, Technovation, Industrial and Corporate Change, California Management Review, Telecommunications Policy, and his work is published by the NBER, among others. He has also presented at a range of conferences including the Academy of Management, DRUID, Schumpeter and EMAEE. In his research, he has cooperated with researchers at Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna (Pisa), EPFL (Lausanne), MIT Sloan School of Management, Boston Business School, and Hitotsubashi University (Tokyo), among others. In 2012, he was appointed as a Committee Member at the US National Academies of Science (NAS).

Education/Academic qualification

Eindhoven University of Technology

Eindhoven University of Technology

Fontys University of Applied Sciences

External positions

Senior researcher, Dialogic Innovate & Interactie

1 Sep 2001 → …

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Research Output

Developing roaming protocols for EV charging: Insights from the field

van der Kam, M., Ferweda, R. & Bekkers, R. N. A., 2020, Proceedings of the 8th Transport Research Arena TRA 2020. 10 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
  • Advancing e-roaming in Europe: towards a single “language” for the European charging infrastructure

    Ferwerda, R., Bayings, M., van der Kam, M. J. & Bekkers, R. N. A., 1 Dec 2018, In : World Electric Vehicle Journal. 9, 4, 16 p., 50.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Open Access
  • 2 Citations (Scopus)
    42 Downloads (Pure)

    Technical standards, property rights, and the age of grand societal challenges

    Bekkers, R. N. A., 14 Sep 2018, Eindhoven: Technische Universiteit Eindhoven. 28 p.

    Research output: Book/ReportInaugural speechAcademic

    Open Access
  • Datasets

    Disclosed Standard Essential Patents (dSEP) Database

    Bekkers, R. N. A. (Creator), Catalini, C. (Creator), Martinelli, A. (Creator), Simcoe, T. (Creator), Righi, C. (Creator), Published by the creators of the dataset, Feb 2016



    The Causal Effects of Including Standards-related Documentation into Patent Prior Art: Evidence from an EPO Policy Change

    Rudi N.A. Bekkers (Speaker), Arianna Martinelli (Speaker), Federico Tamagni (Speaker)
    23 May 2019

    Activity: Talk or presentation typesKeynote talkScientific

    Technical University of Munich

    Rudi N.A. Bekkers (Visiting researcher)
    20 May 201921 May 2019

    Activity: Visiting an external institution typesVisiting an external academic institutionScientific

    Feasibility of essentiality assessments for alleged SEPs

    Rudi N.A. Bekkers (Speaker)
    26 Apr 2019

    Activity: Talk or presentation typesKeynote talkProfessional

    Key insights for open and user-centric roaming infrastructures

    Rudi N.A. Bekkers (Speaker)
    19 Feb 2019

    Activity: Talk or presentation typesKeynote talkProfessional

    Standard Essential Patents and the IoT

    Rudi N.A. Bekkers (Speaker)
    23 Jan 2019

    Activity: Talk or presentation typesKeynote talkProfessional


    Student theses

    3D printing as an emerging general purpose technology: opportunities & challenges

    Author: Koekoek, H., 31 Aug 2015

    Supervisor: Nomaler, Z. (Supervisor 1) & Bekkers, R. (Supervisor 2)

    Student thesis: Master


    An economic analysis of the new European regulation concerning frequency spectrum and fixed broadband access and its effects on the Dutch telecom market

    Author: Strijers, M., 30 Jun 2010

    Supervisor: Bekkers, R. (Supervisor 1) & Clarkson, E. (Supervisor 2)

    Student thesis: Master


    Capturing value from intellectual property in Dutch high-tech supply chains

    Author: Musch, J., 30 Jun 2017

    Supervisor: Cloodt, M. (Supervisor 1) & Bekkers, R. (Supervisor 2)

    Student thesis: Master