• 1435
    Citations - based on content available in repository [source: Scopus]
1995 …2023

Content available in repository

If you made any changes in Pure these will be visible here soon.

Personal profile


"Inventions are not yet innovations, and innovations do not automatically have an impact on society."

Research profile

Rudi Bekkers is a Full Professor and Chair of Standardisation and Intellectual Property at Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e). For over a hundred years, both standardization and intellectual property have been key mechanisms that shape technological progress, align technology development and adoption among stakeholders, and create winners and losers. They are likely going to become even much more important in the years to come, in our increasingly connected society. A society in which standalone technologies are going to be increasingly rare, and an era in which we place hope on technology to address grand societal challenges in fields such as energy, mobility, health, and wellbeing.


Rudi’s research interests include questions on how standards can help to create valuable and well-functioning markets, on the strategic behavior of companies and organizations using patents and standards, and how institutional settings could be improved in order to serve the public benefit. In addition to domains where standards traditionally play an important role (telecommunications, consumer electronics, internet), his interests also extends to new areas where standards become increasingly important, such as sustainable mobility, smart grids, and the Internet of Things.


Rudi combines work in both academia and industry. Since 2001, he has been associated with Dialogic, a Utrecht-based research firm with which he remains associated today. He has conducted over 50 commissioned studies in the field of innovation and policy and was key author of several large studies for the European Commission. Rudi serves on a number of advisory boards, including the IEEE-SA Europe Advisory Council, and the Forum Standardisatie, which advises the Dutch government on standardization questions. Enthusiastic about teaching, Rudi not only offers courses at his own department, but has also initiated a successful course sequence on standards and IPR for TU/e Bachelor students. Rudi is currently Chair of the Technology, Innovation and Society (TIS) group at TU/e.

Academic background

Rudi Bekkers (1969) received a BSc in Electrical Engineering in 1991, an MSc in Technology and Society in 1994, and a PhD on the development of mobile telecommunications standards in 2001. Since 2003, he worked at TU/e as Assistant professor and later as Associate Professor.


His academic papers have appeared in a wide range of highly respected, peer-reviewed journals such as California Management Review, Research Policy, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, and Telecommunications Policy, among others.  One of his recent papers recently appeared at the US National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) . He also presented his work at high-level academic conferences, such as those of the International Schumpeter Society (ISS), DRUID, EMAEE, DIME, European Policy for Intellectual Property (EPIP) and the EPO/OECD IP Statistics for Decision Makers Conference (IPSDM), and regularly acts as invited speaker at conferences, workshops and other events in Europe, the US, and the Far East.


He has published in a wide range of journals, including Research Policy, Technovation, Industrial and Corporate Change, California Management Review, Telecommunications Policy, and his work is published by the NBER, among others. He has also presented at a range of conferences including the Academy of Management, DRUID, Schumpeter and EMAEE. In his research, he has cooperated with researchers at Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna (Pisa), EPFL (Lausanne), MIT Sloan School of Management, Boston Business School, and Hitotsubashi University (Tokyo), among others. In 2012, he was appointed as a Committee Member at the US National Academies of Science (NAS).

Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 4 - Quality Education
  • SDG 6 - Clean Water and Sanitation
  • SDG 7 - Affordable and Clean Energy
  • SDG 9 - Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure
  • SDG 12 - Responsible Consumption and Production
  • SDG 13 - Climate Action
  • SDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Education/Academic qualification

Ph.D. on the standardization and development of mobile telecommunications standards , Eindhoven University of Technology

Award Date: 15 Jun 2001

M.Sc. Thesis, Eindhoven University of Technology

Award Date: 19 Dec 1994

B.Sc. in Electrical Engineering , Fontys University of Applied Sciences

Award Date: 1 Jun 1991


Dive into the research topics where Rudi N.A. Bekkers is active. These topic labels come from the works of this person. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
  • 1 Similar Profiles

Collaborations and top research areas from the last five years

Recent external collaboration on country/territory level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots or
  • Overcoming inefficiencies in patent licensing: A method to assess patent essentiality for technical standards

    Bekkers, R. N. A., Tur, E. M., Henkel, J., van der Vorst, T., Driesse, M. & Contreras, J., 19 Jul 2022, In: Research Policy. 51, 10, 13 p., 104590.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Open Access
    9 Citations (Scopus)
    223 Downloads (Pure)
  • The impact of including standards-related documentation in patent prior art: evidence from an EPO policy change

    Bekkers, R. N. A., Martinelli, A. & Tamagni, F., 1 Sept 2020, In: Research Policy. 49, 7, 17 p., 104007.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Open Access
    7 Citations (Scopus)
    182 Downloads (Pure)
  • Disclosure rules and declared essential patents

    Bekkers, R., Catalini, C., Martinelli, A., Righi, C. & Simcoe, T., Jan 2023, In: Research Policy. 52, 1, 14 p., 104618.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Open Access
    4 Citations (Scopus)
    128 Downloads (Pure)
  • Innovation, technology development and transfer

    Blanco, G., de Coninck, H. C., Agbemabiese, L., Diagne, E. H. M., Anadon, L. D., Lim, Y. S., Pengue, W. A., Sagar, A., Sugiyama, T., Tanaka, K., Verdolini, E., Witajewski-Baltvilks, J., Reis, L. A., Babiker, M., Bai, X., Bekkers, R. N. A., Bertoldi, P., Burch, S., Cabeza, L. F., Caiafa, C., & 27 othersCohen, B., Creutzig, F., Figueroa Meza, M. J., Galeazzi, C., Geels, F., Grubb, M., Halsnæs, K., Jupesta, J., Kilkiş, Ş., Koenig, M., Köhler, J., Malhotra, A., Masanet, E., McDowall, W., Milojevic-Dupont, N., Mitchell, C., Nemet, G., Nilsson, L. J., Patt, A., Roy, J., Safarzynska, K., Saheb, Y., Sharifi, A., Surana, K., van Aalst, M., van Diemen, R. & Winkler, H., 2022, IPCC, 2022: Climate Change 2022: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Shukla, P. R., Skea, J., Al Khourdajie, A., van Diemen, R., McCollum, D., Pathak, M., Some, S., Vyas, P., Fradera, R., Belkacemi, M., Hasija, A., Lisboa, G., Luz, S. & Malley, J. (eds.). Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press, p. 2674-2814 141 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

    Open Access
    420 Downloads (Pure)
  • Mobility in the smart grid: roaming protocols for EV charging

    van der Kam, M. & Bekkers, R., Jan 2023, In: IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid. 14, 1, p. 810-822 13 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Open Access
    3 Citations (Scopus)
    59 Downloads (Pure)