• 796 Citations
19972019
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Personal profile

Quote

“Physics allows one to drill down to the very essence of a singular phenomenon while control engineering enables one to understand and optimise the entire system. To take something as complex as a tokamak plasma to its optimal performance, you really need both points of view."

Research profile

Marco de Baar is a full professor and Chair of Plasma Fusion Operation and Control

at the Mechanical Engineering Faculty of Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e). His main scientific interest is the control of nuclear fusion plasmas, with a focus on control of MHD modes (for plasma stability) and current density profile (for performance optimization). All elements of the control loops are considered, including actuator and sensor design, and advanced control oriented modelling. He also has a keen interest in the operations and the remote maintainability of nuclear fusion reactors.

Marco's research largely focuses on understanding and controlling the turbulent plasma in a fusion reactor or tokamak: hot, charged and magnetised gas. Fusion could be a clean, safe, large-scale energy source, but the big challenge to realizing commercially attractive fusion energy is protecting the wall of the fusion reactor against the hot fusion exhaust. In the research program Marco is carrying out with DIFFER, the aim is to start managing the heat load inside the plasma, and bring the energy to the wall in a controlled way. As a physicist, Marco has a strong interest in control engineering, as the two fields make it possible to combine very different viewpoints.

Academic background

Marco de Baar received his PhD is physics from (TU/e) and also holds an MSc in experimental physics from the University of Utrecht. In addition to his work at TU/e, Marco de Baar is also head of fusion research at FOM institute DIFFER (Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research) located on the TU/e campus. As member of DIFFER's management team, he is also the Dutch representative in the European fusion research consortium EUROfusion. From 2004 to 2007, Marco de Baar headed the operations department at JET, Europe's largest fusion experiment to date, where he was responsible for the successful operation and development of the reactor. From 2007 he was deputy project leader in the international consortium that develops the upper port launcher. He is program-leader for the MHD stabilization work package in ITER-NL

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics where Marco R. de Baar is active. These topic labels come from the works of this person. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • 4 Similar Profiles
Plasmas Engineering & Materials Science
cyclotrons Physics & Astronomy
crashes Physics & Astronomy
fusion Physics & Astronomy
feedback control Physics & Astronomy
controllers Physics & Astronomy
Cyclotrons Engineering & Materials Science
electrons Physics & Astronomy

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Research Output 1997 2019

7 Citations (Scopus)
134 Downloads (Pure)

Control-oriented modeling of the plasma particle density in tokamaks and application to real-time density profile reconstruction

Blanken, T. C., Felici, F., Rapson, C. J., de Baar, M. R., Heemels, W. P. M. H., TCV team & ASDEX-Upgrade team, 1 Jan 2018, In : Fusion Engineering and Design. 126, p. 87-103 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
File
Plasmas
Fault detection
Interferometry
Dynamic models
Tuning
3 Citations (Scopus)
58 Downloads (Pure)

Where to improve in human-in-the-loop tele-operated maintenance? a phased task analysis based on video data of maintenance at JET

Boessenkool, H., Thomas, J., Wildenbeest, J. G. W., Heemskerk, C. J. M., de Baar, M. R., Steinbuch, M. & Abbink, D. A., 1 Apr 2018, In : Fusion Engineering and Design. 129, p. 309-319

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
File
Fusion reactions
Video recording
Tile
2 Citations (Scopus)
82 Downloads (Pure)

A model-based, multichannel, real-time capable sawtooth crash detector

Van Den Brand, H., de Baar, M. R., van Berkel, M., Blanken, T. C., Felici, F., Westerhof, E. & Willensdorfer, M., 31 May 2016, In : Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion. 58, 7, p. 1-16 16 p., 075002.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
File
crashes
Detectors
detectors
estimators
inspection
17 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

DEMO diagnostics and burn control

Biel, W., De Baar, M., Dinklage, A., Felici, F., König, R., Meister, H., Treutterer, W. & Wenninger, R., 1 Oct 2015, In : Fusion Engineering and Design. 96-97, p. 8-15 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Plasmas
Control systems
Machine design
Fueling
Tritium
19 Citations (Scopus)
107 Downloads (Pure)

Control of the tokamak safety factor profile with time-varying constraints using MPC

Maljaars, E., Felici, F. A. A., Baar, de, M. R., Dongen, van, J., Hogeweij, G. M. D., Geelen, P. J. M. & Steinbuch, M., 2015, In : Nuclear Fusion. 55, 2, p. 023001-1/18 18 p., 023001.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
File
safety factors
controllers
profiles
quadratic programming
physics

Press / Media

Studium Generale: Nuclear fusion: pushing the boundary 19:30 - 21:00

M.R. de Baar

8/05/18

1 item of Media coverage

Press/Media: Expert Comment

OF INTEREST: Is fusion the fuel of the future?

M.R. de Baar

29/10/17

1 item of Media coverage

Press/Media: Expert Comment

OF INTEREST: The promise of liquid lithium

M.R. de Baar

22/10/17

1 item of Media coverage

Press/Media: Expert Comment

Russia ships 85 tonnes of busbars

M.R. de Baar

2/10/17

1 item of Media coverage

Press/Media: Expert Comment

Russian firm is developing port plug test stands

M.R. de Baar

4/09/17

1 item of Media coverage

Press/Media: Expert Comment

Student theses

A control-oriented model for breakdown and burn-through in TCV and its application

Author: Ravensbergen, T., 26 Jan 2017

Supervisor: Felici, F. (Supervisor 1), Reimerdes, H. (External person) (External coach), Sinha, J. (External person) (External coach) & de Baar, M. (Supervisor 2)

Student thesis: Master

Backstepping control of H-L confinement transition in fusion plasma model

Author: Staps, T., 23 Feb 2017

Supervisor: de Baar, M. (Supervisor 1)

Student thesis: Master

Camera movement compensation for real-time optical plasma boundary

Author: Pérez Muñoz, J., 31 Aug 2012

Supervisor: de Baar, M. (Supervisor 1), Hommen, G. (Supervisor 2) & Steinbuch, M. (Supervisor 2)

Student thesis: Master

Fast 2-D equilibrium reconstruction for tokamak transport calculations

Author: Voorhoeve, R., 31 Aug 2013

Supervisor: Felici, F. (Supervisor 1), de Bock, M. (Supervisor 2) & de Baar, M. (Supervisor 2)

Student thesis: Master

File

Model-based reconstruction and control of the density in tokamaks

Author: Blanken, T., 31 Aug 2014

Supervisor: Felici, F. (Supervisor 1), Heemels, W. (Supervisor 2) & de Baar, M. (Supervisor 2)

Student thesis: Master