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Personal profile

Academic background

Jesper Nederlof received his MSc in Applied Computing Science from Utrecht University (the Netherlands) in 2008. At the University of Bergen, Norway, he successfully defended his PhD thesis titled `Space and Time Efficient Structural Improvements of Dynamic Programming Algorithms’ in December 2011. In 2012-2014, he continued the research of his PhD thesis as a postdoctoral researcher at Utrecht University funded by a NWO open competition project. From February 2014 to October 2014, he worked as a postdoctoral researcher at Maastricht University. He also writes papers featuring a substantial amount of (among others) algorithmic game theory, information theory, representation theory, approximation algorithms and online algorithms.

Research profile

Jesper Nederlof is an Assistant Professor in the Discrete Mathematics group at Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e). His areas of expertise include software, algorithms, control systems, theoretical computer science and mathematics. Jesper’s research focuses on algorithms for discrete problems and computational complexity. His focus is on exact algorithms for NP-hard problems. The main question is how fast a particular computational problem can be solved exactly in the worst-case setting.

In Jesper’s view, most research on NP-hard problems focuses too strongly on determining whether a problem is in P or in NP and commonly refrains from pursuing the original question (the optimal worst-case running time). This skips the most intriguing part: If P does not equal NP, all NP-hard problems must feature some barrier running time beyond which we cannot improve. What does this mysterious barrier look like, and how does it depend on the problem structure? To prove P = NP requires find modest improvements of the currently naïve exhaustive search algorithms.


“What I find intriguing about my area is that many fundamental questions of great importance are still wide open, and many results go against our current intuition. Not surprising, since the area is relatively young; there is still a lot to gain, and I’m happy to contribute to this.”

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  • 4 Similar Profiles
Exponential time Mathematics
Subset Sum Mathematics
Dynamic programming Engineering & Materials Science
Treewidth Mathematics
Polynomials Engineering & Materials Science
Hamiltonians Engineering & Materials Science
Decomposition Engineering & Materials Science
Hamiltonian circuit Mathematics

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Research Output 2011 2019

  • 374 Citations
  • 25 Article
  • 24 Conference contribution
  • 1 Chapter
  • 1 Phd Thesis 4 Research NOT TU/e / Graduation NOT TU/e)

Computing the chromatic number using graph decompositions via matrix rank

Jansen, B. M. P. & Nederlof, J., 26 Nov 2019, In : Theoretical Computer Science. 795, p. 520-539 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Graph Decomposition
Chromatic number
Graph in graph theory
3 Downloads (Pure)

Equal-subset-sum faster than the meet-in-the-middle

Mucha, M., Nederlof, J., Pawlewicz, J. & Węgrzycki, K., Sep 2019, 27th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms, ESA 2019. Bender, M. A., Svensson, O. & Herman, G. (eds.). Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik, 16 p. 73. (Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics, LIPIcs; vol. 144).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
Set theory
Computational complexity

Hamiltonicity below Dirac's condition

Jansen, B. M. P., Kozma, L. & Nederlof, J., 2019, In : arXiv. 14 p., 1902.01745v1.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

Open Access
Vertex Degree
Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac
Hamiltonian circuit

Hamiltonicity below Dirac’s condition

Jansen, B. M. P., Kozma, L. & Nederlof, J., 12 Sep 2019, Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science - 45th International Workshop, WG 2019, Revised Papers. Sau, I. & Thilikos, D. M. (eds.). Cham: Springer, p. 27-39 13 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); vol. 11789 LNCS).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Graph theory
Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac
2 Citations (Scopus)

Nearly ETH-tight algorithms for planar Steiner Tree with terminals on few faces

Kisfaludi-Bak, S., Nederlof, J. & van Leeuwen, E. J., 2019, Proceedings of the Thirtieth Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms. Chan, T. M. (ed.). New York: Association for Computing Machinery, Inc, p. 1015-1034 20 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
Steiner Tree
Graph in graph theory
Steiner Tree Problem


Faster algorithms in computer science

Jesper Nederlof (Recipient), 2019

Prize: ERCStartingScientific

Computer science
Computational complexity


Graphs and algorithms

1/09/15 → …


Student theses

Bank transaction minimization

Author: Salomé, D., 31 Aug 2017

Supervisor: Nederlof, J. (Supervisor 1) & Verhoeff, T. (Supervisor 2)

Student thesis: Bachelor


Counting connected subgraphs

Author: Verhaegh, R. F., 8 Jul 2019

Supervisor: Nederlof, J. (Supervisor 1)

Student thesis: Bachelor


Curve clustering: hardness and algorithms

Author: Struijs, M., 26 Nov 2018

Supervisor: Nederlof, J. (Supervisor 1), Buchin, K. (Supervisor 2) & Driemel, A. (Supervisor 2)

Student thesis: Master


Euclidean TSP in narrow rectangles

Author: Alkema, H. Y., 25 Nov 2019

Supervisor: de Berg, M. T. (Supervisor 1), Nederlof, J. (Supervisor 2), Papapetrou, O. (Supervisor 2) & van der Hofstad, R. W. (Supervisor 2)

Student thesis: Master


Graph editing by partial complements

Author: Scholte, T., 31 Aug 2018

Supervisor: Nederlof, J. (Supervisor 1) & Fomin, F. V. (External person) (External coach)

Student thesis: Master