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“We know how to optimally control a low-dimensional system since the 1950s. However, this is not possible for large-dimensional and networked systems, such as drone swarms and smart grids, due to the so-called curse of dimensionality. Finding control laws closer and closer to optimal for such systems is an exciting endeavor I dedicate my time to.”

Research profile

Duarte Antunes is an Assistant Professor at Mechanical Engineering Department at Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e). He is part of the Control Systems Technology Group. His teaching and research activities revolve around control theory. Building upon a strong mathematical formalism, control theory deals with decision-making problems throughout time, where a desired behavior for a system needs to be achieved. Examples include a lithography machine to be placed with nanometer precision, an autonomous car avoiding obstacles, a cell regulating its mRNA, an economical agent maximizing its profit.

Duarte’s research expertise lies in optimal and stochastic control and networked control systems. Optimally controlling a large-dimensional system is hampered by the so-called curse of dimensionality, and one of Duarte’s research interests is to find approximate control strategies, which are close to optimal. Another strong research interest is control systems interconnected by communication networks, such as a robot which off-loads computationally demanding tasks to the cloud. Here, not only latencies have to be taken into account, but also the use of the cloud is expensive, which leads to using control only when needed (event-triggered control). Recently, he started working on robotics, in particular quadcopters.

Academic background

Duarte Antunes received the Licenciatura in Electrical and Computer Engineering from Instituto Superior Técnico (IST), Lisbon, in 2005. He obtained his PhD (with honors) in 2011 at the Institute for Systems and Robotics, IST, Lisbon, in the research field of Automatic Control, under the supervision of Carlos Silvestre (IST) and João Hespanha (University of California, Santa Barbara).

On several occasions, prior to obtaining his PhD, he worked as a teaching assistant at the mathematics department at IST. From 2011 to 2013, he worked as a post-doc at the Hybrid and Networked Systems group (TU/e) headed by Maurice Heemels. In 2013, he was appointed Assistant professor at the Control Systems Technology Group headed by Maarten Steinbuch, Mechanical Engineering (TU/e). He was tenured in 2016. He teaches the course of optimal control and dynamic programming at TU/e and is responsible for two other teaching activities related to robotics.

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Networked control systems Engineering & Materials Science
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Research Output 2006 2020

13 Citations (Scopus)

Consistent event-triggered methods for linear quadratic control

Antunes, DJ. & Khashooei, B. A., 27 Dec 2016, 2016 IEEE 55th Conference on Decision and Control, CDC 2016, 14-16 December 2016, Las Vegas, Nevada. Piscataway: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, p. 1358-1363 6 p. 7798455

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Linear Quadratic Control
State feedback
State Feedback
Linear systems
6 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

Linear quadratic regulation of switched systems using informed policies

Antunes, D. & Heemels, W. P. M. H., 1 Jun 2017, In : IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control. 62, 6, p. 2675-2688 14 p., 7588142.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Linear systems
4 Citations (Scopus)
53 Downloads (Pure)

Frequency-domain analysis of control loops with intermittent data losses

Antunes, D. & Heemels, W. P. M. H., 1 Aug 2016, In : IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control. 61, 8, p. 2295-2300 6 p., 7300408.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
Frequency domain analysis
Control systems
42 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

Stability of networked control systems with asynchronous renewal links: An impulsive systems approach

Guerreiro Tomé Antunes, D. J., Hespanha, J. P. & Silvestre, C. J., 2013, In : Automatica. 49, 2, p. 402-413 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Networked control systems
Stochastic systems
Batch reactors
Asymptotic stability
2 Downloads (Pure)

Consistent event-triggered control for discrete-time linear systems with partial state information

Antunes, D. J. & Balaghi I, M. H., 2020, In : IEEE Control Systems Letters. 4, 1, p. 181-186 6 p., 8734856.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Discrete-time Linear Systems
Linear systems
Control Strategy


Erasmus research project

1/09/05 → …


Robotic Seminars

1/09/18 → …


Training project 4

1/09/18 → …


Student theses

Adaptive pulse processing in energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy

Author: Seker, H., 31 Aug 2013

Supervisor: Guerreiro Tomé Antunes, D. (Supervisor 1), Janssen, B. (External coach), Kooijman, C. (External coach) & Heemels, W. (Supervisor 2)

Student thesis: Master

Analysis of control systems with vision-induced measurement delays: application to ground robot navigation and control

Author: van Hooijdonk, J., 15 Dec 2016

Supervisor: Guerreiro Tomé Antunes, D. (Supervisor 1) & van Horssen, E. (Supervisor 2)

Student thesis: Master

Control and coordination algorithms for autonomous multi-agent quadrotor systems

Author: van Aert, B., 15 Jul 2016

Supervisor: Guerreiro Tomé Antunes, D. (Supervisor 1)

Student thesis: Master

Energy aware and real-time trajectory planning for unmanned aerial vehicles: an optimization based approach

Author: van Heijst, L., 23 Feb 2017

Supervisor: Guerreiro Tomé Antunes, D. (Supervisor 1), Dolk, V. (Supervisor 2), van de Ven, G. (External person) (External coach) & Heemels, W. (Supervisor 2)

Student thesis: Master

Event-triggered control with packet losses and preview information: application to robot guidance and control

Author: van Eekelen, B., 26 Jan 2017

Supervisor: Guerreiro Tomé Antunes, D. (Supervisor 1) & Asadi Khashooei, B. (Supervisor 2)

Student thesis: Master