• 8140 Citations
1965 …2019

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2019

On the possibilities of straightforward characterization of plasma activated water

Hoeben, W., van Ooij, P., Schram, D., Huiskamp, T., Pemen, G. & Lukes, P., 2 Apr 2019, In : Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing. 39, 3, p. 597-626 30 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
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3 Citations (Scopus)
129 Downloads (Pure)
2016

Electron density and temperature measurements in a magnetized expanding hydrogen plasma

Leyte Gonzalez, R., Palomares Linares, J. M., Schram, D. C. & Engeln, R. A. H., 1 Aug 2016, In : Physical Review E. 94, 2, 12 p., 023201.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
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1 Citation (Scopus)
232 Downloads (Pure)
2015

Residual gas entering high density hydrogen plasma: rarefaction due to rapid heating

den Harder, N. P., Schram, D. C., Goedheer, W. J., de Blank, H. J., van de Sanden, M. C. M. & van Rooij, G. J., 1 Apr 2015, In : Plasma Sources Science and Technology. 24, 2, p. 1-9 025020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)
2014

Gas temperature determination from rotational lines in non-equilibrium plasmas : a review

Bruggeman, P. J., Sadeghi, N., Schram, D. C. & Lins, V., 2014, In : Plasma Sources Science and Technology. 23, 2, p. 023001-1/32

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
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198 Citations (Scopus)
464 Downloads (Pure)

Self-shielding of a plasma-exposed surface during extreme transient heatloads

Zielinski, J. J., Meiden, van der, H. J., Morgan, T. W., 't Hoen, M. H. J., Schram, D. C. & De Temmerman, G. C., 2014, In : Applied Physics Letters. 104, 5 p., 124102.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
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9 Citations (Scopus)
106 Downloads (Pure)
2012

Advanced Thomson scattering system for high-flux linear plasma generator

Meiden, van der, H. J., Lof, A. R., Berg, van den, M. A., Brons, S., Donné, A. J. H., Eck, van, H. J. N., Koelman, P., Koppers, W. R., Kruijt, O. G., Naumenko, N. N., Oyevaar, T., Prins, P. R., Rapp, J., Scholten, J., Schram, D. C., Smeets, P. H. M., Star, van der, G., Tugarinov, S. N. & Zeijlmans van Emmichoven, P. A., 2012, In : Review of Scientific Instruments. 83, p. 123505-1/12 12 p., 123505.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
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35 Citations (Scopus)
138 Downloads (Pure)

Characterization of a high-power/current pulsed magnetized arc discharge

Zielinski, J. J., Meiden, van der, H. J., Morgan, T. W., Schram, D. C. & De Temmerman, G. C., 2012, In : Plasma Sources Science and Technology. 21, p. 065003-1/9 9 p., 065003.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Detailed H(n=2) density measurements in a magnetized hydrogen plasma jet

Harskamp, van, W. E. N., Brouwer, C. M., Schram, D. C., Sanden, van de, M. C. M. & Engeln, R. A. H., 2012, In : Plasma Sources Science and Technology. 21, 2, p. 024009-1/9 9 p., 024009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
2011

A differentially pumped argon plasma in the linear plasma generator Magnum-PSI: gas flow and dynamics of the ionized fraction

Eck, van, H. J. N., Hansen, T. A. R., Kleyn, A. W., Meiden, van der, H. J., Schram, D. C. & Zeijlmans van Emmichoven, P. A., 2011, In : Plasma Sources Science and Technology. 20, p. 0415016-1/8

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Diagnosing ions and neutrals via n = 2 excited hydrogen atoms in plasmas with high electron density and low electron temperature

Shumack, A. E., Schram, D. C., Biesheuvel, J., Goedheer, W. J. & Rooij, van, G. J., 2011, In : Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics. 83, 3, p. 036402-12 12 p., 036402.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
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7 Citations (Scopus)
147 Downloads (Pure)

Population inversion in a magnetized hydrogen plasma expansion as a consequence of the molecular mutual neutralization process

Harskamp, van, W. E. N., Brouwer, C. M., Schram, D. C. & Engeln, R. A. H., 2011, In : Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics. 83, 3, p. 036412-1/9 9 p., 036412.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
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3 Citations (Scopus)
76 Downloads (Pure)
2010

Construction of the plasma-wall experiment Magnum-PSI

Rapp, J., Koppers, W. R., Eck, van, H. J. N., Rooij, van, G. J., Goedheer, W. J., Groot, de, B., Al, R., Graswinckel, M. F., Berg, van den, M. A., Kruyt, O., Smeets, P., Meiden, van der, H. J., Vijvers, W. A. J., Scholten, J., Pol, van de, M. J., Brons, S., Melissen, W., Grift, van der, T., Koch, R., Schweer, B. & 6 others, Samm, U., Philipps, V., Engeln, R. A. H., Schram, D. C., Lopes Cardozo, N. J. & Kleyn, A. W., 2010, In : Fusion Engineering and Design. 85, 7-9, p. 1455-1459

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Electronic quenching of OH(A) by water in atmospheric pressure plasmas and its influence on the gas temperature determination by OH(A-X) emission

Bruggeman, P. J., Iza, F., Guns, P., Lauwers, D., Kong, M. G., Aranda Gonzalvo, Y., Leys, C. & Schram, D. C., 2010, In : Plasma Sources Science and Technology. 19, 1, p. 015016-1/8 015016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

101 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Experimental and theoretical determination of the efficiency of a sub-atmospheric flowing high power cascaded arc hydrogen plasma source

Vijvers, W. A. J., Schram, D. C., Shumack, A. E., Lopes Cardozo, N. J., Rapp, J. & Rooij, van, G. J., 2010, In : Plasma Sources Science and Technology. 19, 6, p. 065016-1/15

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Experimental study of surface contributions to molecule formation in a recombining N2/O2 plasma

Zijlmans, R. A. B., Welzel, S., Gabriel, O. G., Yagci, G., Helden, van, J. H., Röpcke, J., Schram, D. C. & Engeln, R. A. H., 2010, In : Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics. 43, 11, p. 115204-1/9 9 p., 115204.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Nonequilibrium rovibrational energy distributions of hydrogen isotopologues in an expanding plasma jet

Gabriel, O. G., Dungen, van den, J. J. A., Schram, D. C. & Engeln, R. A. H., 2010, In : Journal of Chemical Physics. 132, 10, p. 104305-1/5 5 p., 104305.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
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7 Citations (Scopus)
90 Downloads (Pure)

On OH production in water containing atmospheric pressure plasmas

Bruggeman, P. J. & Schram, D. C., 2010, In : Plasma Sources Science and Technology. 19, 4, p. 045025-1/9 045025.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

161 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

Optical emission spectroscopy as a diagnostic for plasmas in liquids : opportunities and pitfalls

Bruggeman, P. J., Verreycken, T., González, M. À., Walsh, J. L., Kong, M. G., Leys, C. & Schram, D. C., 2010, In : Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics. 43, p. 124005-1/8

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

112 Citations (Scopus)

Spectroscopic study of an atmospheric pressure dc glow discharge with a water electrode in atomic and molecular gases

Verreycken, T., Schram, D. C., Leys, C. & Bruggeman, P. J., 2010, In : Plasma Sources Science and Technology. 19, 4, p. 045004-1/9 045004.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)

The breakup of methane under ITER divertor hydrogen plasma conditions for carbon chemical erosion analysis with CH spectroscopy

Westerhout, J., Borodin, D., Brezinsek, S., Lopes Cardozo, N. J., Rapp, J., Schram, D. C. & Rooij, van, G. J., 2010, In : Nuclear Fusion. 50, 9, p. 095003-1/10 095003.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
13 Downloads (Pure)
2009

Characterization of a direct DC-excited discharge in water by optical emission spectroscopy

Bruggeman, P. J., Schram, D. C., González, M. À., Rego, R., Kong, M. G. & Leys, C., 2009, In : Plasma Sources Science and Technology. 18, 2, p. 025017-1/13 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

186 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Dissociative recombination as primary dissociation channel in plasma chemistry

Schram, D. C., Zijlmans, R. A. B., Gabriel, O. G. & Engeln, R. A. H., 2009, In : Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 192, 1, p. 012012-1/10 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
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6 Citations (Scopus)
114 Downloads (Pure)

Is plasma unique? the presence of electrons and the importance of charge

Schram, D. C., 2009, In : Plasma Sources Science and Technology. 18, 1, p. 014003-1/13

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Is the rotational temperature of OH(A-X) for discharges in and in contact with liquids a good diagnostic for determining the gas temperature?

Bruggeman, P. J., Schram, D. C., Kong, M. G. & Leys, C., 2009, In : Plasma Processes and Polymers. 6, 11, p. 651-762

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

68 Citations (Scopus)

Modeling and experiments on differential pumping in linear plasma generators operating at high gas flows

Eck, van, H. J. N., Koppers, W. R., Rooij, van, G. J., Goedheer, W. J., Engeln, R. A. H., Schram, D. C., Lopes Cardozo, N. J. & Kleyn, A. W., 2009, In : Journal of Applied Physics. 105, 6, p. 063307-1/11 11 p., 063307.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
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16 Citations (Scopus)
318 Downloads (Pure)

Multiple discharge channels in a cascaded arc to produce large diameter plasma beams

Vijvers, W. A. J., Groot, de, B., Al, R. S., Berg, van den, M. A., Eck, van, H. J. N., Goedheer, W. J., Kleyn, A. W., Koppers, W. R., Kruijt, O. G., Lopes Cardozo, N. J., Meiden, van der, H. J., Pol, van de, M. J., Prins, P. R., Rapp, J., Schram, D. C., Shumack, A. E., Smeets, P. H. M., Westerhout, J., Wright, G. M. & Rooij, van, G. J., 2009, In : Fusion Engineering and Design. 84, 7-11, p. 1933-1936

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Resemblance in gas composition of Ar–N2–O2 plasmas and Ar–NO plasmas

Helden, van, J. H., Zijlmans, R. A. B., Schram, D. C. & Engeln, R. A. H., 2009, In : Plasma Sources Science and Technology. 18, 2, p. 025020-1/11 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Time dependent optical emission spectroscopy of sub-microsecond pulsed plasmas in air with water cathode

Bruggeman, P. J., Walsh, J. L., Schram, D. C., Leys, C. & Kong, M. G., 2009, In : Plasma Sources Science and Technology. 18, 4, p. 045023-1/5

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)
2008

Advanced thermal plasma modelling

Murphy, A. B., Boulos, M. I., Colombo, V., Fauchais, P., Ghedini, E., Gleizes, A., Mostaghimi, J., Proulx, P. & Schram, D. C., 2008, In : High Temperature Material Processes. 12, 3-4, p. 255-336

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)
6 Downloads (Pure)

Evidence of Lyman transitions of high rovibrationally excited HD and D2 detected by laser induced fluorescence in the VUV

Gabriel, O. G., Dungen, van den, J. J. A., Soliman, W. M., Schram, D. C. & Engeln, R. A. H., 2008, In : Chemical Physics Letters. 451, 4-6, p. 204-208

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Formation and relaxation of rovibrationally excited H2 molecules due to plasma-surface interaction

Gabriel, O. G., Schram, D. C. & Engeln, R. A. H., 2008, In : Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics. 78, 1, p. 016407-1/8 8 p., 016407.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
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19 Citations (Scopus)
82 Downloads (Pure)

High sensitivity imaging Thomson scattering for low temperature plasma

Meiden, van der, H. J., Al, R. S., Barth, C. J., Donné, A. J. H., Engeln, R. A. H., Goedheer, W. J., Groot, de, B., Kleyn, A. W., Koppers, W. R., Lopes Cardozo, N. J., Pol, van de, M. J., Prins, P. R., Schram, D. C., Shumack, A. E., Smeets, P. H. M., Vijvers, W. A. J., Westerhout, J., Wright, G. M. & Rooij, van, G. J., 2008, In : Review of Scientific Instruments. 79, 1, p. 013505-1/8

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
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101 Citations (Scopus)
109 Downloads (Pure)

Influence of rarefaction on the flow dynamics of a stationary supersonic hot-gas expansion

Abbate, G., Kleijn, C. R., Thijsse, B. J., Engeln, R. A. H., Sanden, van de, M. C. M. & Schram, D. C., 2008, In : Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics. 77, 3, p. 036703-1/9 9 p., 036703.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
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10 Citations (Scopus)
73 Downloads (Pure)

Optimization of the output and efficiency of a high power cascaded arc hydrogen plasma source

Vijvers, W. A. J., van Gils, K., Goedheer, W. J., Meiden, van der, H. J., Schram, D. C., Veremiyenko, V. P., Westerhout, J., Lopes Cardozo, N. J. & Rooij, van, G. J., 2008, In : Physics of Plasmas. 15, 9, p. 093507 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
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49 Citations (Scopus)
137 Downloads (Pure)

Plasma processing and the importance of surface molecule generation

Schram, D. C., Zijlmans, R. A. B., Helden, van, J. H., Gabriel, O. G., Yagci, G., Welzel, S., Röpcke, J. & Engeln, R. A. H., 2008, In : Journal of Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials. 10, 8, p. 1904-1909

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Downloads (Pure)

Population inversion in a magnetized expanding thermal plasma

Dungen, van den, J. J. A., Gabriel, O. G., Elhamali, H. S. M. M., Schram, D. C. & Engeln, R. A. H., 2008, In : IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science. 36, 4 PART 1, p. 1028-1029

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Rotation of a strongly magnetized hydrogen plasma column determined from an asymmetric Balmer-beta spectral line with two radiating distributions

Shumack, A. E., Veremiyenko, V. P., Schram, D. C., Blank, de, H. J., Goedheer, W. J., Meiden, van der, H. J., Vijvers, W. A. J., Westerhout, J., Lopes Cardozo, N. J. & Rooij, van, G. J., 2008, In : Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics. 78, 4, 11 p., 046405.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
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35 Citations (Scopus)
67 Downloads (Pure)

Trace gas measurements using optically resonant cavities and quantum cascade lasers operating at room temperature

Welzel, S., Lombardi, G., Davies, P. B., Engeln, R. A. H., Schram, D. C. & Röpcke, J., 2008, In : Journal of Applied Physics. 104, 9, p. 093115-1/15 093115.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
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33 Citations (Scopus)
109 Downloads (Pure)

Two-dimensional flow characteristic of a hot expanding plasma

Gabriel, O. G., Colsters, P. G. J., Schram, D. C. & Engeln, R. A. H., 2008, In : Plasma Sources Science and Technology. 17, 1, p. 015011-1/8

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)
2007

A new design of a bright cascaded arc light source : measurements and simulations

Zijlmans, R. A. B., Schram, D. C. & Engeln, R. A. H., 2007, In : Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics. 40, 7, p. 2055-2064

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Detailed study of the plasma-activated catalytic generation of ammonia in N2-H2 plasmas

Helden, van, J. H., Wagemans, W., Yagci, G., Zijlmans, R. A. B., Schram, D. C., Engeln, R. A. H., Lombardi, G., Stancu, G. D. & Roepcke, J., 2007, In : Journal of Applied Physics. 101, 4, p. 043305-1/12 043305.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
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52 Citations (Scopus)
101 Downloads (Pure)

Extreme hydrogen plasma densities achieved in a linear plasma generator

Rooij, van, G. J., Veremiyenko, V. P., Goedheer, W. J., Groot, de, B., Kleyn, A. W., Smeets, P. H. M., Versloot, T. W., Whyte, D. G., Engeln, R. A. H., Schram, D. C. & Lopes Cardozo, N. J., 2007, In : Applied Physics Letters. 90, 12, p. 121501-1/3 3 p., 121501.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
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137 Citations (Scopus)
99 Downloads (Pure)

Extreme hydrogen plasma fluxes at Pilot-PSI enter the ITER divertor regime

de Groot, B., Al, R. S., Engeln, R., Goedheer, W. J., Kruijt, O. G., van der Meiden, H. J., Prins, P. R., Schram, D. C., Smeets, P. H. M., Veremiyenko, V. P., Vijvers, W. A. J., Westerhout, J., Kleyn, A. W., Lopes Cardozo, N. J. & van Rooij, G. J., Oct 2007, In : Fusion Engineering and Design. 82, 15-24, p. 1861-1865 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Pre-design of Magnum-PSI : a new plasma-wall interaction experiment

Eck, van, H. J. N., Koppers, W. R., Rooij, van, G. J., Goedheer, W. J., Groot, de, B., Smeets, P. H. M., Scholten, J., Pol, van de, M. J., Brons, S., Koch, R., Schweer, B., Samm, U., Philipps, V., Engeln, R. A. H., Schram, D. C., Lopes Cardozo, N. J. & Kleyn, A. W., 2007, In : Fusion Engineering and Design. 82, 15-24, p. 1878-1883

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Production Mechanisms of NH and NH2 Radicals in N2-H2 Plasmas

Helden, van, J. H., Oever, van den, P. J., Kessels, W. M. M., Sanden, van de, M. C. M., Schram, D. C. & Engeln, R. A. H., 2007, In : Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 111, 45, p. 11460-11472

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

PSI research in the ITER divertor parameter range at the FOM PSI-lab

Westerhout, J., Koppers, W. R., Vijvers, W. A. J., Al, R. S., Brezinsek, S., Brons, S., Eck, van, H. J. N., Engeln, R. A. H., Groot, de, B., Koch, R., Meiden, van der, H. J., Nuijten, M. P., Philipps, V., Pol, van de, M. J., Prins, P. R., Samm, U., Scholten, J., Schram, D. C., Schweer, B., Smeets, P. H. M. & 6 others, Whyte, D. G., Zoethout, E., Kleyn, A. W., Goedheer, W. J., Lopes Cardozo, N. J. & Rooij, van, G. J., 2007, In : Physica Scripta. 2007, T128, p. 18-22 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)
2006

Downstream ion and radical densities in an Ar-NH3 plasma generated by the expanding thermal plasma technique

Oever, van den, P. J., Hemmen, van, J. L., Helden, van, J. H., Schram, D. C., Engeln, R. A. H., Sanden, van de, M. C. M. & Kessels, W. M. M., 2006, In : Plasma Sources Science and Technology. 15, 3, p. 546-555

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Molecule synthesis in an Ar-CH4-O2-N2 microwave plasma

Zijlmans, R. A. B., Gabriel, O. G., Welzel, S., Hempel, F., Roepcke, J., Engeln, R. A. H. & Schram, D. C., 2006, In : Plasma Sources Science and Technology. 15, 3, p. 564-573

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

N, NH, and NH2 radical densities in a remote Ar-NH3-SiH4 plasma and their role in silicon nitride deposition

Oever, van den, P. J., Helden, van, J. H., Hemmen, van, J. L., Engeln, R. A. H., Schram, D. C., Sanden, van de, M. C. M. & Kessels, W. M. M., 2006, In : Journal of Applied Physics. 100, 9, p. 093303-1/10 10 p., 093303.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
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23 Citations (Scopus)
109 Downloads (Pure)
2005

Atomic and molecular hydrogen densities in a plasma expansion

Vankan, P. J. W., Schram, D. C. & Engeln, R. A. H., 2005, In : Plasma Sources Science and Technology. 14, 4, p. 744-750

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)