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Personal profile


“Despite the arrival of big data analytics, rare events remain rare, and we still need advanced mathematical methods and techniques to understand and gain insights.” 

Research profile

Bert Zwart is a professor at Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e). Bert’s research expertise is in applied probability and stochastic networks, in particular rare event analysis and simulation, scaling limits, scheduling under uncertainty, dynamic pricing and applications in communication and energy networks. The outcome of Bert’s research makes it possible to analyze complex systems and procedures, in which traditional methods of analysis are unusable, due to the number of factors and variables involved.

The scope of his activities extends to mathematical models for computer and communication networks, call centers and production processes, which are all frequently highly dimensional

and, therefore, difficult to analyze. His research aims to reduce complexity of such models by focusing on their macroscopic behavior. In addition, a new application area for stochastic operations research is emerging - energy networks, especially electricity grids - which brings new and urgent research questions.

Academic background

Bert Zwart received a Masters in Econometrics from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam in 1997 and a PhD in Mathematics from Eindhoven University of Technology in 2001 (both with top honors). His previous positions include a professorship at VU University and a Coca-Cola chair at Georgia Tech. In addition to working at TU/e, he is also leader of the CWI stochastics group (Amsterdam). Bert has been involved in several editorial roles, in particular as Stochastic Models area editor for Operations Research - the flagship journal of his profession - since 2009. In addition, Bert was technical program chair of Performance in 2015, and member of the steering committee of the Stochastic Networks conference series, a conference he co-organized in 2014. Since 2015, Bert has been director of the Dutch mathematics cluster STAR. Bert is co-organizing a semester program on the mathematics of energy networks, to be held at the Newton Institute in Cambridge, spring 2019.

Affiliated with

  • TU/e Center for computational energy research
  • TU/e Data Science institute

Partners in (semi-)industry

  • ASML
  • DNV-GL
  • SIM-CI
  • Shell

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics where A.P. (Bert) Zwart is active. These topic labels come from the works of this person. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

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Heavy Traffic Mathematics
Queue Mathematics
Fluid Limits Mathematics
Servers Engineering & Materials Science
Fluids Engineering & Materials Science
Approximation Mathematics
Electric vehicles Engineering & Materials Science
Bandwidth Engineering & Materials Science

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Research Output 1998 2019

11 Citations (Scopus)
71 Downloads (Pure)

Scaling limits via excursion theory : interplay between Crump-Mode-Jagers branching processes and processor-sharing queues

Lambert, A., Simatos, F. & Zwart, B., 2013, In : The Annals of Applied Probability. 23, 6, p. 2357-2381 25 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
Excursion Theory
Processor Sharing
Scaling Limit
Branching process
40 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

Simultaneously learning and optimizing using controlled variance pricing

Boer, den, A. V. & Zwart, B., 2014, In : Management Science. 60, 3, p. 770-783 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Pricing policy
Demand model
Time scales

Achievable performance of blind policies in heavy traffic

Bansal, N., Kamphorst, B. & Zwart, B., 24 Dec 2015, In : arXiv. 22 p., 1512.07771.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

Open Access
2 Citations (Scopus)

A stochastic resource-sharing network for electric vehicle charging

Aveklouris, A., Vlasiou, M. & Zwart, B., Sep 2019, In : IEEE Transactions on Control of Network Systems. 6, 3, p. 1050-1061 12 p., 8709819.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Downloads (Pure)

Bounds and limit theorems for a layered queueing model in electric vehicle charging

Aveklouris, A., Vlasiou, M. & Zwart, B., 1 Oct 2019, In : Queueing Systems. 93, 1-2, p. 83-137 55 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Open Access
Electric Vehicle
Queueing Model
Electric vehicles
Limit Theorems


Stochastic decision theory

1/09/15 → …


Press / Media

CWI researchers make power grid more reliable with mathematics

A.P. Zwart & T. Nesti


3 items of Media coverage

Press/Media: Expert Comment

New Model Shows Where to Improve Power Grids

A.P. Zwart & T. Nesti


4 items of Media coverage

Press/Media: Expert Comment

Vici grants for TU/e research projects

Luc Brunsveld & A.P. (Bert) Zwart


1 item of Media coverage

Press/Media: Expert Comment

ACM sigmetrics 2015

Sem C. Borst & A.P. (Bert) Zwart


1 item of Media coverage

Press/Media: Expert Comment

Student theses

Analysis of the occupation rate of the charging stations at the TU/e

Author: Jansen, F. K., 11 Mar 2019

Supervisor: Zwart, B. (Supervisor 1) & Boon, M. (Supervisor 2)

Student thesis: Bachelor


Inluence of operating conditions on reliability of microgrids

Author: Derks, M., 31 Aug 2018

Supervisor: Zwart, A. (Supervisor 1), Romijn, H. (Supervisor 2), Papadopoulou, A. (External person) (External coach), Cremers, R. (External person) (External coach) & Schoot, W. (External coach)

Student thesis: Master


Mathematical modelling of networks on chips with best effort traffic

Author: Beekhuizen, P., 30 Nov 2005

Supervisor: Zwart, A. (Supervisor 1), Denteneer, T. (. (External person) (External coach) & Rietman, R. (External person) (External coach)

Student thesis: Master


Packet-level enhancements for integrated TCP performance modelling

Author: de Haan, R., 31 Jan 2004

Supervisor: Boxma, O. (Supervisor 1) & Zwart, A. (Supervisor 2)

Student thesis: Master


Predicting investments in renewable energy through a social learning model

Author: van Hoek, S., 31 Aug 2018

Supervisor: Zwart, A. (Supervisor 1) & Wissink, P. L. (External person) (External coach)

Student thesis: Master