Plasma-based gas conversion

Organization profile

Introduction / mission

In the PMP research group we strive to obtain fundamental understanding of the kinetics and dynamics of plasma conversion of gases, both through experiments and modelling. With this combined approach we try to make this plasma-based conversion technology a viable route for energy storage of renewable energy sources.

Highlighted phrase

Plasma-based gas conversion technologies for energy storage

Organisational profile

The EU Energy Roadmap to 2050 predicts that energy produced from renewable sources will rise substantially over the coming decades. And as most of these renewable sources produce energy in the form of electricity, storage and transportation of this electricity will be key in the energy demand and production chain in the coming years. In the group PMP we investigate the possibilities of using plasma to convert gasses like CO2 and water into hydrocarbon-based liquid fuels, so called solar fuels, which can easily be stored. In this way this plasma-based conversion technology could also mitigate the challenges in terms of intermittency of most of the renewable energy sources. 

To make an impact to the quest of reducing CO2 emissions and mitigate the intermittency of renewable energy sources, we have built a strong collaboration on the topic of CO2 plasma conversion with groups in Paris, at École Polytechnique, Lisbon, at the University of Lisbon, Trento, at the University of Trento, and with DIFFER. We focus on the study of plasma conversion of gases, both through experiments and modelling. To experimentally study the plasma conversion in-situ, we develop at PMP (laser-based) diagnostics to measure densities of species both spatially and temporally resolved and apply these to different types of plasma, like glow, micro-wave and ns-pulsed discharges.  

 

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