• De Groene Loper, Vertigo



  • P.O. Box 513, Department of the Built Environment

    5600 MB Eindhoven


Organization profile

Introduction / mission

The Living Cities Program contributes to wider academic discourses pleading for an integrated cross-disciplinary science of architecture and urbanism, conceptualizing the city and architecture as the materialization of evolutionary processes in an integrated spatial, social and cultural eco-system.

Highlighted phrase

An interdisciplinary approach to architecture and urbanism as dynamic socio-spatial-temporal constructs

Organisational profile

The twenty-first century has been labeled as the ‘urban century’ and sustainable urban development as one of the key assignments in decades to come. For this reason, architecture and the city are increasingly becoming central to leading academic studies from the fields of social sciences, economy, technology, ecology and governance. However, studies are often conducted from the perspective of a single discipline.

The Living Cities program specifically focuses on how these aspects work together and materialize in the spatial development of the city and its architecture, interpreted as an evolutionary and integrated process of construction and urbanization driven by socio-historical processes. The program brings together research from the chairs of Architectural History and Theory (AHT), Architectural Design and Engineering (ADE), Rational Architecture (RA) and Urbanism and Urban Architecture (UUA).

In line with the Departments’ strategic research agenda on Sustainable Transformation, the program focuses on exploring and understanding the response of architecture and the development of the city for reuse, adaptation and new interventions in response to these shifting societal challenges. Aspects of history and theory, geography, technological systems, urban form and architectural typologies influence each other reciprocally and dynamically in such a cultural ecosystem.

Living Cities research

•    is cross-scalar (correlating spatial scales, from the single architectural element to that of the city or region)

•    is multi-disciplinary (combining architectural and urban scholarship, theory and practice, policy and technology, construction and planning) 

•    within a temporal perspective of historical evolution (retrospective and prognostic)

•    combines qualitative and quantitative research methods from social and historical science with those of design research from spatial sciences (geography, urbanism and architecture) 

Evolutionary logics of sustainable architectural and urban development have been grouped into five thematic clusters, supported by active participation in relevant networks. The themes are in line with dominant research themes within the strategic research agendas of the University as well as National and European research agencies.

  • Cultural Heritage
  • Sustainability and Circular Cities
  • Active Mobility and Health
  • Smart Cities and Buildings
  • Emerging Materials and Building Technologies

Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.


Photo of Hélène M.T. Aarts

Hélène M.T. Aarts

Person: OWP : University Teacher / Researcher

Photo of Lilliana Abarca Guerrero
Photo of Haike Apelt

Haike Apelt

Person: OWP : University Teacher / Researcher


Projects 2012 2021

Toolbox of architectural design principles for healing environments according to the Planetree model

Bekkering, J., Klein, C., Klein, C. & Sartorius - ter Haar, M.


Project: Research direct

Sustainable, architectural, future scenarios for GGzE De Grote Beek

Sartorius - ter Haar, M., Bekkering, J., Klein, C., Klein, C. & Dimitrova, K.


Project: Research directResearch


The compass towards a healthy smart environment

Mohammadi, M., Klein, C., Klein, C., Gerrits, E. & van Buuren, L.


Project: Research direct

Research Output 1981 2020

Case study: Architectural regeneration in Istanbul

Ikiz Kaya, D., 2020, (Accepted/In press) Architectural Regeneration. Orbasli, A. & vellinga, M. (eds.). Wiley-Blackwell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

Adaptation of circular models for global heritage cities: regeneration of Istanbul world heritage site as a case study

Ikiz Kaya, D., 2019, (Accepted/In press)

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperAcademic

A memory palace

Bekkering, J., 31 Jan 2019

Research output: Non-textual formExhibitionProfessional


3rd prize, Jury award AIA Architectuur Prijs 2015, Schuurman Group Alkmaar

Juliette Bekkering (Recipient), 2015

Recognition: OtherDiscipline relatedProfessional

3TU Lighthouse grant: 3D printing Heritage

Juliette Bekkering (Recipient), 2017

Recognition: OtherDiscipline relatedProfessional


Activities 1988 2019


Christian Rapp (Keynote speaker)
13 Mar 2019

Activity: Talk or presentation typesKeynote talkProfessional

architectonisch realisme

Haike Apelt (Speaker)
7 Mar 2019

Activity: Talk or presentation typesInvited talkProfessional

Innovation and idealism in nowadays Architecture

Juliette D. Bekkering (Speaker)
19 Feb 2019

Activity: Talk or presentation typesInvited talkProfessional


Press / Media

Ring biedt kansen voor stoer wonen in Eindhoven

Paul Diederen & Bram van Kaathoven


1 media contribution

Press/Media: Public Engagement Activities

HNA Group-controlled Hong Kong Airlines hit by three high-level resignations

George Liu


3 items of media coverage

Press/Media: Expert Comment

Executive departures shake up Hong Kong Airlines

George Liu


1 item of media coverage

Press/Media: Expert Comment

Student theses

(re)form block: urban block housing

Author: Moravec, A., 31 Aug 2018

Supervisor: Rapp, C. (Supervisor 1), Apelt, H. (Supervisor 2), Hilhorst, W. (Supervisor 2), Malcovati, S. (External person) (External coach) & Albers, B. (External person) (External coach)

Student thesis: Master


Aan het einde van de Leien: aanvulling op het historisch stadscentrum van Antwerpen

Author: Elverding, M., 28 Feb 2017

Supervisor: Rapp, C. (Supervisor 1), Apelt, H. (Supervisor 2) & Hilhorst, W. (Supervisor 2)

Student thesis: Master


A campus in transition: adapting the Maastricht Health Campus for a future with autonomous transport

Author: Vervuurt, R., 26 Jun 2018

Supervisor: van Wesemael, P. (Supervisor 1), Musch, M. (Supervisor 2), de Vries, M. (Supervisor 2), Peutz, M. (Supervisor 2) & Liu, Y. (Supervisor 2)

Student thesis: Master